Chapter 12 Multiple Choice
Terms in this set (34)
The term Roman-like was adopted to describe the architecture of the Romanesque period, because it relied on elements of Roman architecture such as _____.
Groin and barrel vaults
Which of the following encouraged the growth of towns and cities?
An increase in trade
___ was the economic system that was gradually replaced by the growth of towns and cities during the Romanesque period.
One of the factors that contributed to the enormous surge in church building during the Romanesque period was the _____.
Thanksgiving experienced at the peaceful occlusion of the first millennium
Pilgrims often journeyed to churches to view ____, which were the material remains of holy figures.
The primary motivation for undertaking a pilgrimage, which was extremely dangerous and could often last a year, was ____.
To seek salvation or a cure
Pilgrims believed that relics could ____.
Heal body and soul
Saint Faith at Conques, Saint James at Santiago de Compostela and Saint-Sernin in Toulouse are all examples of ____ churches.
The purpose of tribunes such as those found at Saint James at Santiago de Compostela and Saint-Sernin in Toulouse was ___.
To house the overflow crowds and to buttress the weight of the vaults
The nave of pilgrimage churches, such as Saint-Sernin at Toulouse and Saint James, were covered by a
Cut-stone barrel vault
In the Romanesque period church interiors became impressive acoustical settings for church services. Which of the following architectural elements allowed for the excellent acoustics?
The continuous barre-vaulted naves
___ was the artist of one of the earliest sets of Romanesque reliefs at Saint-Sernin
The monks of the ____ order were one of the primary patrons of Romanesque sculpture.
Which of the following churches was the largest in Europe until the new St. Peter's in Rome was constructed in the 17th century?
___were innovative architectural features that appeared at Cluny III
A three-story elevation and pointed arches
The ___ is covered courtyard in a monastery where monks and nuns prayed and meditated in quiet seclusion.
The Cistercian monk who criticized the elaborate sculptural decoration in cloisters was ___.
Bernard of Clairvaux
One of the primary reasons that Bernard of Claivaux criticised the profusion of sculptural decoration in the Romanesque cloister was because it ____.
Distracted the viewer from reading and prayer.
One of the most obvious differences between Cistercian churches such as Notre-Dame at Fontenay and other Romanesque churches is the absence of ____.
the ornate sculpted façade of Notre Dame la Grande demonstrates the importance of having sculptural decoration visible to the ___
The ____ is the semi-circular are above the lintel of a Romanesque portal.
During the Romanesque period the vision of Christ's Second Coming was often depicted on which of the following?
___ is the church most closely associated with the crusades.
La Madeleine, Vèzelay
The ____ were the Christian campaigns to reclaim the Holy Land from the Muslims.
At Pentecost the Apostles were called to ____.
Spread the Gospels to all people
The mission of the ___, the earliest crusading knights, was to protect Christians visiting Christian shrines in the holy land.
A(n) __ church is one in which the aisles are approximately the same height as the nave.
Saint Savin is a hall church with paintings on the continuos vault of the nave. Which of the following allows for this?
The aisles are approximately the same height as the nave.
__, in northern Spain, boasts more Romanesque murals than anywhere else in Europe.
Of the following characteristics, which is not relevant to Italian church architecture?
The Romanesque church that had a wooden ceiling like those found in Early Christian basilicas was which of the following?
San Miniato, Florence
Which of the architectural elements below was used for the exterior supports on Romanesque buildings?
The intersection of two barrel vaults creates which of the following?
The Bayeux Tapestry is unique in Romanesque art. Which of the following supports this claim?
It depicted an actual event in full detail shortly after it occurred.