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Literary Terms Associated with Fiction 1

STUDY
PLAY
Plot
sequence of events in a literary work, with emphasis on causality
Plot Elements
Exposition, Conflict, Inciting Incident, Rising Action, Climax, Crisis, Falling Action, Resolution
Exposition
introductory material in a work of fiction
-creates tone
-gives setting
-introduces characters and often conflict
-supplies other facts necessary to understanding
-usually at beginning of the work
Conflict
struggle between two opposing forces
-four kinds
-external (man vs character, man vs nature, man vs society)
-internal (man vs self)
-man vs fate
often more than one type in a work, but one will dominate
Inciting Incident
-Aka exciting force
-Event or force that gets the action in motion
Rising Action
-Aka development and complication
-Part of plot between inciting incident and climax
Climax
-Moment of greatest emotional intensity in drama
-In fiction, may occur at the same time as crisis but doesn't have to
Crisis
-The episode or incident in which situation of the main character is certain to either worsen or improve
-Used to be in middle, but in modern works has moved to end
Falling Action
All the events that follow the climax
Resolution
-French for "unknotting"
-Final unraveling of a plot (solution of a mystery, etc.)
-In tragedy sometimes aka catastrophe
Associated terms
Suspense, Foreshadowing, Flashback
Suspense
Feeling of growing curiosity or anxiety about the outcome of events in a literary work; it is what keeps you turning the pages
* Two Types
-One is where the outcome is uncertain and the suspense is in the question of who or what or how
-The other is when the outcome is already known and the suspense is in how the story gets there
Foreshadowing
Use of clues about the events to come
Flashback
A section of a literary work that interrupts the chronological sequence of events to relate an event from an earlier time