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Essential Computer Concepts

STUDY
PLAY
Which one of the following would not be considered a PC?
Mainframe
The intangible components of a computer system, including the programs, are called:
Software
Keyboards, monitors, and printers are all examples of which of the following?
Peripheral devices
Which of the following is a pointing device that allows you to control the pointer by moving the entire device around on a desk?
Mouse
To display graphics, a computer needs a monitor and a(n):
Graphics card or processor
What part of the computer is responsible for executing instructions to process information?
Processor
What do you call each 1 or 0 used in the representation of computer data?
A bit
What is a megabyte?
About a million bytes
Which of the following temporarily stores data and programs while you are using them?
RAM (random access memory)
Which of the following permanently stores the set of instructions that the computer uses to activate the software that controls the processing function when you turn the computer on?
ROM
What do you call a named collection of data stored on a disk?
A file
Which of the following is not permanent storage media?
RAM
The transmission protocol between a computer and its peripheral devices is handled by a:
Driver
What telecommunication hardware is needed to convert digital signals to analog signals?
Modem
Which of the following acts as a locked door on a computer?
Firewall
Which of the following is not a function of an operating system?
Carries out a specific task for the user
Which one of the following is system software?
Microsoft Windows
________ are the technical details about each hardware component.
Specifications
The design and construction of the hardware of a particular computer is its ____________.
Architecture/configuration
A(n) _____ are removable circuit boards that are inserted into slots on the motherboard to expand the capabilities of the motherboard.
Card
_______ is similar to ROM except that it changes every time you add or remove hardware.
CMOS
A(n) _______ is magnetic storage media usually sealed in a case inside the computer.
Hard disk/drive
A(n) ______ is a display that while showing you the output, allows you to touch it with your finger or a stylus to input commands.
Touch screen
A printed copy of computer output is called _______.
Hardcopy
Each computer that is part of the network must have a(n) ______ installed to connect it to the network.
Network card
A computer on a network that acts as the central storage location for programs and data used on the network is a(n) ________.
Server
A program that tracks a user's internet usage without the user's permission is called ________.
Spyware
A(n) __________ is any part of the computer system, including memory, storage devices, and the microprocessor, that can be used by a computer program.
System resource
_________ is when you create a connection between source data and a copy of the data in a new file so that the copy updates every time a change is made to the source data.
Linking
When data, applications, and resources are stored on servers rather than on users' computers, it is referred to as ____________.
Cloud computing