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Highly vascular and receive multiple arteries
Inferior phrenic artery, abdominal aorta, and renal artery
Kidneys are bounded
Psoas muscles on the medial side, transverse abdominal muscles on the lateral, and the quadratus lumborum muscles posteriorly.
Consiste of straight tubules and connecting ducts, has a striated appearance
Inner zone, the medulla
Drains the superior, middle, and inferior portions of the kidney into a common renal pelvis
Come from the epithelial lining of the bladder and affect individuals over 50, mostly men
Symptoms - painful urination, frequent urination, passage of small amounts of urine, flank pain - mild to severe, nausea and vomiting, UTI, Hematuria
Affect fluid and electrolyte balance, blood volume, and the ability to filter out waste products
Performed suprapubically or retropubically and accompanied by pelvic lymph node dissection
Spleen and lymph nodes are removed to
Aid in tissue typing and cross-matching the donor with the recipient
Graft placed in a child
Midline incision, kidney placed in the mid-retroperitoneum posterior to the right colon
Suspension of the fascial attachments of the bladder to the rectus fascia with sutures
A congenital condition in the male where the urethra ends on the ventral side of the glans penis, anywhere along the penile shaft, on the corona, or on the perineum
Procedure done to correct obstructions of the vas deferens due to congenital anomalies, inflammation, or trauma
Performed to treat adenomas that are too large for endoscopic, or to remove malignancy
Provides better visualization of the prostatic fossa, allowing for better hemostatic control
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