75 terms

SAT Vocab List 1

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abstract
exist as thoughts in the mind, and are not related to physical objects or real events and actions (2) expresses the artist's ideas or feelings rather than showing the exact appearance of people or things
academic
relating to education, especially education in colleges and universities (2) good at learning things by studying
allege
to say that something is true or that someone has done something wrong or illegal, even though it has not been proved
alleviate
to make something less painful, severe, or serious
allude
to mention someone or something in an indirect way
ambiguous
not clear and therefore capable of being understood in more than one way (2) confusing or not definite, and therefore difficult to understand
analogous
similar to another situation, process etc so that the same things are true of or relevant to both
anthropology
the study of human societies, customs, and beliefs. Someone who studies anthropology is called an anthropologist.
arbitrate
to officially try to settle a disagreement by considering all the facts and opinions
ascertain
to find out, learn, or determine with certainty
aspiration
something that you want to achieve, or the wish to achieve something
atypical
not usual
audible
loud enough for people to hear
bolster
to make something stronger or more effective
callous
not feeling or showing any concern about the problems or suffering of other people
catastrophe
an event that causes a lot of damage or makes a lot of people suffer
censure
severe criticism of someone
commend
to praise someone or something formally or publicly (2) to tell someone that a person or thing is good, useful, or suitable
complacent
too confident and relaxed because you think you can deal with something easily, even though this may not be true
condemn
to say publicly that you think someone or something is bad or wrong (2) to give a punishment to someone who has committed a crime
conducive
creating a situation that helps something to happen
console
to try to make someone feel better when they are unhappy or disappointed
contempt
a feeling that someone or something is unimportant and deserves no respect (2) a failure to show appropriate respect for something that other people consider to be important
cunning
using intelligence to get what is wanted, especially by tricking or cheating people
debunk
to prove that something such as an idea or belief is false
demeanor
a person's appearance and behavior
denounce
to criticize someone or something severely in public (2) to tell an authority such as the police that a particular person is responsible for a crime
detract
to make something seem less good, attractive, or important
diligent
working very hard, carefully, and/or efficiently
disperse
to move away from each other (2) to cause to separate
divert
to make something move or travel in a different direction (2) to do something to take people's attention away from something that you do not want them to concentrate on or notice
eccentric
slightly strange or unusual ways
embellish
to make a story more interesting by adding details, especially ones that are not completely true (2) to make something more beautiful by decorating it
empathy
the ability to understand how someone feels because you can imagine what it is like to be them
epitome
the best possible example of a particular type of person or thing
eradicate
to get rid of something completely, especially something bad
estrangement
no longer being on friendly terms or part of a social group, or to be distantly removed from something you were once close to
eulogy
a speech or a piece of writing in which you praise someone or something (2) a speech at a funeral about the person who has died
exacerbate
to make a problem worse
fallible
not perfect, and likely to be wrong or make mistakes
futile
pointless or useless
illusory
not real, but with an appearance of being real
incompetent
lacking the ability or skills to do something
inherent
a quality that is a basic or essential feature of something
inhibit
to make it difficult for a process to start or continue in a normal way
intuitive
based on your feelings rather than on facts or evidence (2) (system/software) easy to use because the process of operating it is very obvious
invoke
to use a law or rule in order to achieve something (2) to make someone feel a particular emotion or see a particular image in their minds (3) to ask for help from someone who is stronger or more powerful, especially a god
mediocre
average or below average in quality, ability, or achievement
melodramatic
behaving in a way that is too emotional or too serious
meticulous
very thorough and with careful attention to detail
modest
fairly small, especially when compared with other things of the same type (2) does not like to talk about themselves, their achievements, or their abilities, even if they are successful
negligent
failing to give care or attention, especially when this causes harm or damage (2) relaxed and informal
nonchalant
relaxed and not worried about anything
notorious
famous for something bad
opaque
difficult to see through (2) difficult to understand
opportune
happening at a suitable time or at a time that seems lucky
oppress
to treat people who are less powerful in an unfair and cruel way/to keep them down (2) to make someone feel very worried or unhappy
parasite
a lazy person who lives by getting money, food etc from other people (2) a plant or animal that lives in or on another type of animal and feeds on it
partisan
showing strong and usually unfair support for one particular person, group, or idea
perplex
to make someone feel confused
pertinent
relevant to something
prophetic
describing something that will happen in the future
refute
to prove that a statement is false
reminiscence
stories or thoughts of past experience
renown
the state of being famous and admired for a special skill or achievement
resilient
able to quickly become healthy, happy, or strong again after an illness, disappointment, or other problem (2) able to return to its original shape after being bent, stretched, or pressed
reticent
not willing to provide information about something, especially about yourself or your feelings
rigorous
thorough and careful (2) strict, or severe
scarce
not very much of something/rare
scrupulous
very careful to be honest and to do what is morally correct (2) done very carefully, giving a lot of attention to details
skeptical
having or expressing doubt about something
stifle
to stop someone from breathing (2) to stop something from developing normally (3) to stop yourself from doing something that shows how you feel
thwart
to prevent someone from doing something that they want to do
vindicate
to prove that someone is right, or something they said, did, or decided was right, especially when most people believed they were wrong
zealous
full of energy, effort, and enthusiasm, especially in your political or religious ideas