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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Terms in this set (54)
When the Civil War ended in _______, the state faced great challenges.
Extreme poverty affected the people of Mississippi, both ______ and ______
white and African American
Freedmen were _______.
A new ______ between black and white Mississippians had to be developed.
after becoming emancipated, Mississippi freedmen regarded ____, ______, and _________ .
land ballot and education
to help blacks adjust to freedom and to ease some of the poverty that existed in the south until southern states could be restored to the union, congress created the temporary agency known as ______ ________.
the ______ _______ helped former slaves with food, shelter, education, and health care.
the freedmans bureau also helped them ______ and _______ for them from planters.
find jobs and arranged fair wadges
in 1865, rumors spread throughout the state and each adult black male would be given ____________________.
40 acres and a mule
by 1870, only about ______ of black farmers owned their own land.
before the war ended, president Lincoln developed a plan to rebuild the south and restore the southern states to the union as quickly as possible, in a process known as _____________.
Step 1 of President Lincolns reconstruction plan stated:
All southerners, except high-ranking confederate officials, would be pardoned after taking an oath of loyalty to the union.
Step 2 of President Lincolns reconstruction plan
when 10% of the voters in a state had taken the oath, the state would be permitted to form a legal government and rejoin the union.
Lincoln was assassinated on _________
April 14, 1865
Who became president after Lincolns death and took responsibility of the reconstruction?
president Johnsons reconstruction plan was much like lincolns, except that johnson expanded the group of southerners who _____ covered by the general pardon.
President Johnson also required southern states write new state ________ that abolished slavery.
reconstruction in Mississippi began in ___________
The nation watched as Mississippi's constitutional convention opened in __________ on August 14th, 1865.
Mississippi was the _______ state to call a constitutional convention under Johnson's Reconstruction plan.
the one hundred delegates who assembled in Jackson made changes to the state government or in the state's relations with ________.
President Johnson, in a telegram addressed to Governor Sharkey, encouraged delegates to extend _______ to educated blacks and those who owned property.
the convention delegates made it clear, however, that they wanted ______ participation in Mississippi's government.
Legislature passed 4 acts that became known as the ________.
another provision required black workers to have a written employment contract witnessed by ___________.
the black codes prohibited blacks from carrying _______ or any other bags
the black codes and Mississippi's refusal to ratify the __________ troubled the freedman and greatly angered many northern whites.
the _________ was the political party formed in Racine, Wisconsin, Abraham Lincoln ran as its presidential candidate in 1860.
--------- was the first southern state to secede from the union.
the ____________________ was the society formed in 1817 to support the emancipation of the slaves and their removal to Africa. The nation of ____________ in west Africa grew out of this organizations work.
american colonization society, Liberia
________ is the principle that the rights of the individual states should prevail over the rights of the federal government.
_________ was the main reason that Mississippi seceded from the Union.
_______ was the most important battle in Mississippi.
was the union general who went from Tennessee to Louisiana.
the ________________ was the document that President Lincoln issued declaring all slaves owned by persons in the confederacy would be free as of January 1863.
a ______ is a tax on imports designed to keep out foreign competition.
_________ was the first city to serve as the capital of the confederacy, while _____________ later became the capital.
Montgomery, Alabama; Richmond, Virginia
the ________________ , the most important of these acts, made blacks full citizens of the US and of the states in which they lived.
southerners that supported the republican party
northern whites who were republicans and moved to MS
granted to public ______
did not allow discrimination in public _________.
in 1869, ____________ was elected governor of MS
James L. Alcorn
_________ Became the first black to serve in U.S. Senate when he was appointed to fill Jefferson Davis's unexpired term.
__________ defeated James Alcorn for governor in 1873.
In 1868, _________________ became justice of the peace and is believed to be the fist African american to hold public office in MS
____________ serves as MS's one black member of the U.S. .
__________ of MS was the first African American elected to the U.S. Senate and the first to serve a full term.
From the beginning of reconstruction, white Democrats tried to regain political power in MS. those who wanted to return control of the state to the democrats were called ____________
the democratic candidate was
The Republican candidate was
Southern democrats used a _______ to slow the commission
MS ____________ (redrew district lines) to give white majorities power over black populated areas.
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