107 terms

A&P1_test_1_prep_COMPLETE

STUDY
PLAY
all cells similiar_basic unit_cells produce cells_doings of organs are doings of cells_everyliving thing made of cells
what are the five parts of modern cell theory
ABCDE
Cuboidal_Columnar_Discoid_
Fibrous_Fusiform_Polygonal_
Squamous_Spheroidal_Stellate
different shapes of cells (9) CCD-FFP-SSS
fusiform
smooth muscle cells are what shape
fibrous
cardiac and skeletal muscle cells are what shape
stellate
neuron cells are what shape
cuboidal_columnar_squamous
both simple and stratifed epithelial cells come in what three shapes
egg
what is the largest human cell
nerve
what is the longest human cell
square of diameter multiplied times 6 (# of sides)
how to find the surface area of a cuboidal cell
cube of diameter
how to find the volume of a cuboidal cell
membrane_nucleus_cytoplasm
what cell features can be seen with a light microscope
Microtubules_intermediate fibers_microfilaments
parts of the cytoskeleton
tubulin
what type of protein in microtubules
keratin
what type of protein in intermediate fibers
actin
what type of protein in microfilaments
basal bodies_makes centrioles_cell conveyer belts_organize spindle fibers (for mitosis)
functions of microtubules (4)
attach cells together (desmosomes and hemidesmosomes)
function of intermediate fibers
terminal web (hard wires cell for communication) muscle contraction
functions of microfilaments (2)
ribosomes_centrosomes_centrioles_basal bodies
non-membranous organelles
nucleus
largest organelle
control center
function of nucleus
ribosomes_RNA
nucleolus in nucleus contains these (2)
nuclear envelope
double membrane surrounding the nucleus
jumbled chromosomes
chromatin is
rough;ribosomes
__________ Endoplasmic reticulum is covered in ____________
makes lipids_stores calcium_detoxifies
The smooth endoplasmic reticulum has these basic funtions(3)
packages protein
the golgi complex does this
vesicles_lysosomes
the golgi complex produces these (2)
autophagy_autolysis
lysosomes do this
microtubules
centrioles make this
one centriole
a basal body consists of this
cilia
this moves substances along the exterior of a cell
produces ATP
what does mitochondria do
simple and stratified columnar_cuboidal_squamous_simple pseudostratified_stratified transitional
the eight different kinds of epithelial tissue
serosa_alveoli_glomeruli (simple squamous sag)
simple squamous cells are found here(3)
mammary and salivary glands (cube boobs and drool ha!)
simple cuboidal cells are found here (2)
digestive tract_uterine lining and tubes (SC in the GI and uteri)
Simple Columnar cells are found here (2)
respiratory tract_male urethra ( do they facilitate pseudobreathing and male peeing!?)
pseudostratifed cells are found here (2)
epidermis
keratinized stratified squamous cells are found here (1)
mouth_vagina_anus
non-keratinized stratified squamous cells are found here (3)
sweat glands_ovarian follicles_seminiferous tubes (stratified sweaty semen and ovaries---"stratified cuboidal" = orgy)
stratified cuboidal cells usually have two layers and are organized in a ring shape. they are found here (3)
stratified columnar
this type of epithelial cell is very rare
bladder_urethra_ureter (helps the bladder transition between stretched and unstretched!)
stratified transitional cells are found here (3)
basement membrane_avascular
epithelia is differnet from connective tissue for these reasons (2)
secrete /excrete_absorbs / filters_feels / protects
epithelial tissue has these six basic functions
cells seperated by expanse of matrix
what makes connective tissue different than epithelial tissue
dense regular_cartilage
which connective tissues are mostly avascular (2)
bind_support_physical andi mmune protection_storage and heat production_transport
general functions of connective tissues (5-8)
macrophages, leukocytes,fibroblast - plasma. adipose and mast
what are the six cell types found in connective tissue MLF PAM
secrete heparin and histamine
mast cells do this
wander_engulf and destroy foreign particles
macrophages do this
reticular_collagenous_elastic
what are the three types of connective tissue fibers
collagenous
what is the most abundant connective tissue fiber in the body
yellow fibers
elastic fibers are also called
reticular
this connective tissue forms a sponge like frame for organs
proteoglycan;adhesiveglycoproteins
other than GAG's what other classes of molecules form ground substance
chondroitin sulfate
The most abundant GAG is
...
where could hyaluric acid be found
areolar_reticular_dense irregular_dense regular_adipose_spongy and compact bone_blood_fibro cartilage_elastic cartilage_hyaline cartilage
types of connective tissue (11)
generate heat in infants
what is the purpose of brown fat
chondroblast
cell that forms chondrocyte
chondrocyte
cell that a chondroblast forms
lacunae;chondrocytes
chondroblasts secrete matrix and surround themselves wtih it until they become trapped in little cavities called __________ at which time they are called _______________
perichondrium
elastic cartilage and most hyaline cartilage are surrounded by a sheath of dense irregular connective tissue called this
dense irregular
perichondrium is made of this kind of connective tissue
central canal and its surrounding concentric lamillae
parts of the osteon
fibro
which cartilage lacks a perichondrium
spongy
this kind of bone fills the heads of long bonds and forms the middle layer of flat bones
dense bone
a dense calcified tissue with no spaces visible to the naked eye
haversion or osteonic
two other words for central canals in bones
osteocytes
tiny lacunae between lamellae are are occupied by these in bone
canaliculi
the delicate canals that radiatefrom each lacuna to others and allow osteocytes to contact each other are called
periosteum
bone as a whole is covered in a tough fibrous tissue called this
plasma_formed elements
parts of blood (2)
erythrocytes_leukocytes_platelets
three kinds of formed elements in blood
nervous_muscular
these types of tissue are considered highly excitable
membrane potential
the basis for the excitability of cells is this
electrical charge across the plasma membrane
membrane potential is this
neurons_glial
the cells of the nervous system (2)
neurosoma_axons_dendrites
parts of a neuron (3)
rapid transmission of messages through chemical or electrical means
when nervous cells are stimulated it results in
contract
when muscle cells are stimulated they
movement
function of muscle tissue
cardiac_skeletal_smooth
types of muscle tissue
blood vessels_GI tract_uterus
smooth muscle could be found here (3)
shorter cells_single nucleus
what makes cardiac muscles different than skeletal
intercalated discs
what are the connections between myocytes called
longer_multinucleated
what makes skeletal muscle differnet than cardiac
fibrous
skeletal and cardiac muscle have what shape cells
fusiform
smooth muscles have what shaped cell
dense regular
tendons and ligaments are made of what type of fibrous connective tissue
vochal chords_ penis_ vertebral column
dense regular elastic fibrous connective tissue can be found here
uterus_GI tract_blood vessels
among other places smooth muscle can be found here (3)
skeletal_cardiac
striated muscle tissue (2)
cardiac
this type of muscle tissue's cells are branched or notched at the ends
gap_tight_desmosome_hemidesmosome
types of cell juntions (4)
six proteins with a pore in the middle
A gap junction consists of
connexon
the six proteins with a pore in the middle in gap junctions is called
desmosome;hemidesmosome
this made up of intermediate filaments anchor cells to each other or the basal membrane respectively
tight
this kind of juntion does not allow substances to pass between cells
areolar
type of loose connective tissue that underlies all epithelia
dense irregular
type of dense connective tissue found in deeper portions of dermis
lymph nodes_spleen_thymus_bone marrow
loose reticular connective tissue is found here (4)
loose areoler and reticular - dense regular and irregular
types of fibrous connective tissue (4)
elastic fibro hyaline
types of collagenous connective tissue (3)
blood - spongy and compact bone - adipose
types of connective tissue that are not fibrous or collagenous (4)
fibers and ground substance
matrix is composed of (2)