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37 terms

Anatomy & Physiology 141 NOVA 2011

Chapter 1 Text Saladin 6th Ed
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Anatomy
the study of body structure
Physiology
the study of function
Palpation
an examination technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts
Auscultation
listening to sounds within the body
percussion
physical examination method of tapping over the body to elicit vibrations and sounds to estimate the size, border, or fluid content of a cavity such as the chest
dissection
the careful cutting and separation of tissues to reveal their relationships
cadaver
a dead human body
comparative anatomy
the study of more than one species in order to examine structural similarities and differences and analyze evolutionary trends
exploratory surgery
opening the body to look inside in order to see what is wrong and what can be done about it
medical imaging
methods of viewing inside the body without surgery
Radiology
The branch of medicine concerned with imaging
gross anatomy
Structures that can be seen with the naked eye, whether by surface obseervation, radiology, or dissection.
Histology
study of the structure and function of tissues, also called microscopic anatomy
Histopathology
the microscopic examination of tissues for signs of disease
Cytology
the branch of biology that studies the structure and function of individual cells
comparative physiology
The study of how different species have solved problems of life such as water balance, respiration, and reproduction.
Hippocrates
Greek physician who is regarded as the father of medicine (circa 460-375 BCE) and whose followers established a code of ethics for physicians known as the Hippocratic Oath. Sought a rational basis for therapy.
Aristotle
One of the first philosophers to write about anatomy and physiology who believed that diseases and other natural events could have either Supernatural (theologi) or Natural (physici or physiologi) causes.
Hippocratic Oath
Is a code of ethics for physicians established by the followers of Greek physician Hippocrates
(Wrote the anatomy book ")On the Parts of Animals(" which tried to identify unifying themes in nature by arguing that complex structures are built from a smaller variety of simple components.)
Aristotle Anatomy Book & Theory
Claudius Galen
(c.130-200) Greek physician to Roman Gladiators who wrote the most influential medical textbook of the ancient era
Wrote the ancient medical textbook using comparative anatomy due to a ban on cadaver dissection
Claudius Galen famous for...
Maimonides
born Moses ben Maimon (1135-1204) in Spain and fled to Egypt as physician and highly respected Rabbi in the court of Saladin. Wrote on Jewish Law, theology, and numerous treatises on specific diseases
Andreas Vesalius
a Flemish surgeon who is considered the father of modern anatomy (1514-1564) who taught in Italy and broke with tradition by performing dissections himself and was therefore the first to publish accurate illustrations for teaching anatomy.
First published atlas of the human body (in 1543)
De Humani Corporis Fabrica (On the Structure of the Human Body) by Andreas Vesalius which revolutionized medical illustration with comparatively realistic art.
Matthias Schleiden
Botanist (1804-81) viewed plants under a microscope were made up of cells - concluded that all organisims are made of cells in collaboration with zoologist Theodor Schwann.
Ernst Abbe
German (1840-1905) - along with physicist & business partner, Ernst Abbe greatly improved the microscope by adding a condenser and developing superior optics
Carl Zeiss
German (1816-88) - along with physicist & business partner, Ernst Abbe greatly improved the microscope by adding a condenser and developing superior optics
Micrographia (1665)
First published book of microscopy written by Robert Hooke
Antony van Leeuwenhoek
(1632-1723) Dutch textile merchant who invented the simple (single lens) microscope originally for examining the weave of fabrics.
Du Motu Cordis (On the Motion of the Heart)
Written by William Harvey and published in 1628
Robert Hooke
English scientist (1635-1703) who made improvements to the compound microscope and optics. He cut a thin slice of cork and looked at it under his microscope. To him, the cork seemed to be made up of empty little boxes, which he named cellulae (little cells) after the cubicles of a monastery. Published the first book of Microscopy called Micrographia, in 1665
Michael Servetus
A contemporary of William Harvey - this humanist scientist also involved in the Protestant Reformation, He was condemned and killed for heresy. During his life, his primary work revolved around the circulatory and pulmonary systems of the human body.
William Harvey
English scientist who discovered the circulation of blood and the role of the heart in propelling it. He developed an accurate theory of how the heart and ciculatory system operated. He speculated that humans and animals reproduced through the joining of an egg. (1578-1657) - Contemporary of Michael Servetus.
Theodor Schwann
German zoologist (1810-82) that viewed animal parts under a microscope and discovered animal parts are made up of cells -.concluded that all organisims are made of cells in collaboration with Matthias Schleiden.
Cell Theory
the theory that cells form the fundamental structural and functional units of all living organisms - Proposed by Matthias Schleiden and Theodor Schwann
Scientific Method
Hypothosis, experiment, evaluate, hypothosis