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Terms in this set (56)
Why was the Bill of Rights added to the Constitution?
to protect citizens from authoritarianism
The Fourth through Eighth Amendments help resolve the conflict between
individual civil rights and society's right to safety.
Which is an example of the American government's system of checks and balances?
the process of passing a law
How many total voting members are in the House of Representatives and Senate combined?
Suppose a minority-party candidate discovers that the population of her district has doubled because the two districts her party used to control have been combined. What has most likely happened?
Generally, which of the following persons has the best chance of winning an election?
The powers granted to Congress in the Constitution are called
The commerce clause gives Congress the power to regulate foreign trade and what other type of trade?
The federal government at one point claimed thousands of acres of farmland and wooded areas to create a game preserve and national forest. This is an example of
Congress has the power to propose an amendment as a legislative body or
through a national convention
If no candidate receives a majority vote in the electoral college, who has the power to select the president?
the House of Representatives
The main job of the executive branch is to
execute and enforce laws.
Which of the following is an example of the president's role as head of state?
entertaining foreign dignitaries
The president plays a key role in writing the platform of his political party. What is a party platform?
a statement of beliefs that will hopefully become national policy
Which of the following is an accurate summary of the impeachment process for the president?
impeachment by the House, trial by the Senate, Chief Justice presides
Which of the following is the State of the Union address?
required statement given to Congress each year
When a president issues an executive order, he is
The president's main group of advisers are
heads of the cabinet.
If the president wishes to remove a secretary of an executive department, he
can do so at will.
The main job of the Supreme Court is to
interpret and apply the law.
Most of the cases heard by the federal court are actually heard at which level?
district and appellate courts
The case Marbury v. Madison (1803) established which power for the Supreme Court?
One of the main reasons why the members of the Supreme Court are appointed is to
honor the practice of senatorial courtesy.
How many U.S. Supreme Court justices does it take to decide to hear a case?
Which of the following Supreme Court cases reasserted that federal law is supreme law while attempting to define what the Constitution meant by "commerce"?
Gibbons v. Ogden
A presidential veto may be overridden by
a two-thirds vote in both houses
The framers of the Constitution intended the presidency to be
an administrative position less powerful than Congress.
What changes were made to the Constitution to allow the modern presidency to develop?
no changes were made to the Constitution to increase presidential power
How many times did Franklin Roosevelt get elected to the office of President?
The Twenty-second Amendment, when ratified, provided for which of the following?
limiting the president's term of office
Recent history has shown that presidents in their second term
face criticism and turmoil.
What important title does the president of the United States and the queen of England share?
head of state
Which of the following is representative of the president's duties as head of government?
leading his political party
One of the many political aspects of the presidency is that
he can reward or punish friends and enemies.
Upon the creation of the Constitution, the framers intended which of the following to be the main branch of government?
Article II of the Constitution, which provides for the presidency is for the most part
vague, only providing a general outline of what the presidency should be.
The framers were most nervous about giving which of the following groups the power to select the president?
The Presidential Succession Act of 1947 provides a long list of individuals with the possibility of becoming president. For anyone on the list to take office, however, everyone above him or her on the list would have to die
at the same time.
Controversial decisions, such as establishing military courts to try alleged terrorists, or allowing certain types of torture in terrorist prison camps have been made by
One of the most profound effects of presidential appointments of federal judges is that they serve a term of
The president's power to pardon is a major check on which branch of government?
By "going public" with an idea, the president is attempting to use which of the following to his advantage?
Which of the following scenarios is most likely to achieve legislative progress?
House, Senate, and president all of the same party
The executive branch consists of
a large, complex organization of people and departments.
Which of the following is the newest cabinet-level position?
How many cabinet level positions exist in our government today?
Which of the following has the power to appoint members to the cabinet?
If judges look back to previous court decisions to help them decide cases, they are using the principle of
Which of the following terms best describes what role our judges should take when applying the law?
Which of the following are the qualifications to be a federal judge?
There are no qualifications.
The only way to remove a federal judge once she or he holds office is through death, resignation, or
When dealing with Congress over the course of American history, the Supreme Court has used its power of judicial review
The Supreme Court usually hears about how many cases each year?
When deciding which cases to hear, one of the important aspects considered by the Supreme Court is
whether there is an important question to answer.
When presenting a case before the Supreme Court, how long does each representing attorney have to verbally present his or her case?
The decision of the Supreme Court in the case is called the
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