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Sociology Midterm Chapter 2
Terms in this set (25)
a qualitative method of studying people or a social setting that uses observation, interaction, and sometimes formal interviewing to document behaviors, customs, experiences, social ties, and so on.
A series of steps followed to solve problems including collecting data, formulating a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, and stating conclusions.
an abstracted, systematic model of how some aspect of the world works.
approaches that social scientists use for investigating the answers to questions.
the idea that one factor influences another through a chain of events
a research approach that starts with a theory, forms a hypothesis, makes empirical observations, and then analyzes the data to confirm, reject, or modify the original theory
a research approach that starts with empirical observations and then works to form a theory
when two variables tend to track each other positively or negatively.
something that takes place in the world that affects people in a way that is unrelated to any other preexisting factors or their characteristics, thereby approximating random assignment to treatment or control groups.
the relationship between cause and effect
a situation in which the researcher believes that A results in a change in B, but B, in fact, is causing A
specifies an independent and dependent variable and indicates direction or shape of the relationship between them; specifies an answer to your research question
how a concept gets defined and measured in a given study.
the extent to which we can claim our findings inform us about a group larger than the one we studied
white coat effect
the phenomenon wherein a researcher's presence affects her subjects' behavior or response, thereby disrupting the study.
analyzing and critically considering our own role in, and effect on, our research.
a set of systems or methods that treat women's experiences as legitimate empirical and theoretical resources, that promote social science for women (think public sociology, but for a specific half of the public), and that take into account the researcher as much as the overt subject matter
observe people, collect qualitative data
ask people questions, collect qualitative data
ask people questions, collect quantitative data
an intensive investigation of one particular unit of analysis in order to describe it or uncover its mechanisms.
research that collects data from written reports, newspaper articles, journals, transcripts, television programs, diaries, artwork, and other artifacts that date back to the period under study
a methodology by which two or more entities (such as countries), which are similar in many dimensions but differ on the one in question, are compared to learn about the dimension that differs between them.
qualitative or quantitative analysis of existing media, often texts
methods that seek to alter the social landscape in a very specific way for a given sample of individuals and then track what results that change yields
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