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Sociology Midterm Chapter 4
Terms in this set (20)
when individuals internalize the culture (beliefs + practices) of a given society so they can function within that society
- the individual identity of a person as perceived by that same person.
- emerges when we assume the point of view of others and imagine how those others see us.
one's subjective sense of having consciousness, agency, action, or power.
an object to be perceived by the I and others; conceptually similar to the social self
someone/something outside of oneself
an internalized sense of the total expectations of others in a variety of settings - regardless of whether we've encountered those people or places before
when beliefs and practices are intensely re-engineered (moving to another country)
immersive institution, controls all aspects of day-to-day life; extreme resocialization (boarding schools, colleges)
a recognizable social position that an individual occupies.
behaviors expected from a particular status
roles associated with a single status clash (can't keep up with the roles of your status)
the tension caused by competing demands between two or more roles within different statuses
all the statuses a person holds at a given time
one we are born with that is unlikely to change (race, gender)
one we have earned or chosen; can change (occupation, parental status)
one status within a set that stands out or overrides all others. (unemployed, lesbian, disabled)
norms associated primarily with males or females in a given social group or system
the view (advanced by Erving Goffman) of social life as essentially a theatrical performance, in which we are all actors on metaphorical stages, with roles, scripts, costumes, and sets
the esteem in which an individual is held by others
literally "the methods of the people"; this approach to studying human interaction focuses on the ways in which we make sense of our world, convey this understanding to others, and produce a shared social order.
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