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Old Testament test number #3
Longmans old testament class
Terms in this set (15)
How do the opening versus of Exodus (1;1-5) refer back to the story of Exodus? How much time has passed?
Exodus 1:7 - The Israelites had many children, they multiplied and filled the land. A reference back to genesis.
To what in the book of genesis does the opening chapter of exodus refer when it speaks of the Israelites growing numerous.
Exodus 1:7 - The Israelites have many children , multiply and fill the land. a reference back to genesis and the Abrahamic covenant.
Who are the Hyksos and how do they feed the fear of Pharaoh about the Israelites?
>Pharaoh had a fear if foreigners
> Hyksos controlled lower Egypt (1782 bc) this caused Pharaoh fear when the Israelite population began to grow in Egypt, Pharaoh feared that they would take over.
How does Pharaoh address his fear of a large group of Hebrews in his land?
>killing all the Hebrews sons
>enslaving the Hebrew population in Egypt
How do the Midwives protect the baby boys of Israel? did God like what they did? How do you know?
> "the Hebrew Women are not like Egyptian women"(Ex1;19)
>God let the people multiply and grow in strength - the midwives feared God - God gave the midwives families. (1:20-21)
What is the Sargon ( true king, usurped/stole the birth throne) Birth Legend and how does it relate to the story of Moses?
> Akkadian Birth story (3rd millennium, before Moses' existence), compares and contrasts the Moses story. Says Moses story s a mimic of the Sargon Birth.
Describe the irony involved in the story of Moses' birth. (Ex. 2:1-10)
> Moses's mom was hired to raise Moses. Moses became Pharaohs daughter's son.
> Moses's mom was hiding Moses
> Moses is technically not supposed to be alive.
Why did Moses flee to Midian? who are Jethro and Zipporah?
> Becasue he killed an Egyptian and Pharaoh had it ordered for him to be killed so he fled.
> Zipporah is the daughter of Jethro. Moses married Zipporah.
> Jethro is also referred to as Hobab in the book of Numbers. He was a kenite shepherded and a priest of Midian.
What is the meaning of the name Yahweh?
> The meaning of the name 'Yahweh' has been interpreted as "He who Makes the which has been made" or He Brings into Existence whatever exists", though other interpretations have been offered by many scholars.
What makes sense about God choosing to make his presence known at the burning bush? in other words, how does it relate to other appearances of God in the Torah?
God makes his presence known through fire and trees.
Be ready to describe the plagues as attacks against the gods of Egypt.
Because Pharaoh refused to set the Israelites free, God decided to punish them.
> the plague of blood, plague of boils, plague of frogs, plague of darkness - blood of the lame on the door, if not then the first son was killed.
What is the Yam Suph and how do you translate it? Where is it?
>Its located between Egypt and Saudi Arabia. Israel also slightly borders the sea too.
>Reeds only grow near freshwater and sea the Red Sea is Saltwater
> Gulf of Akaba? - no clear description of where the sea is.
>Yam = sea
> Suph = reeds/ literal translation = Sea of Reeds
> we translate it as the Red Sea
what is a case law?
Application of the ten commandments.
What is the tabernacle?
According to the Hebrew Bible, the tabernacle, also known as the tent of the congregation, was the portable earthly dwelling place of Yahweh, used by the Israelites from the Exodus until the conquest of Canaan.
In class, we looked at a number of echoes of the Exodus story in the life of Jesus. Be ready to describe them. What do these echoes tell us about Jesus?
> Jesus as the fulfillment of the Exodus
> Mark Announces It (Mark 1:2-3 quotes Isa. 40:3)
> Jesus' Baptism=Yam Suph Crossing (1 Cor. 10:1-5) (Romans 6:4)
> Israelites: baptized into moses
> Christians: baptized into Christ
Parting of the red sea finalized God's redemption of His people
from slavery in Egypt. Prefigures God's redemption of his people from
slavery to sin through the work of Christ.
> Jesus' Forty Days in Wilderness (Matt. 4:1-11)=Israel's Forty Years in Wilderness
> Jesus Chooses 12 Disciples=12 Tribes of Israel
> Jesus's Speaks about the Law on a Mountain (Matthew 5-7)=God Gives Moses
the Law on a Mountain (Sinai)
> Jesus is Our Passover Lamb (Crucified on the Eve of the Passover; 1 Cor. 5
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