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Names and Formulas of Some Common Molecular Compounds and Ions

Taken from tables 2-1 and 2-2 of the Eighth Edition Chemistry book by Whitten, Davis, Peck, and Stanley. ISBN-13: 978-0-495-01196-5 ISBN-10: 0-495-01196-7
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Water
H₂O
Hydrogen Peroxide
H₂O₂
Hydrogen Chloride
HCl
Sulfuric Acid
H₂SO₄
Nitric Acid
HNO₃
Acetic Acid
CH₃COOH
Ammonia
NH₃
Sulfur Dioxide
SO₂
Sulfur Trioxide
SO₃
Carbon Monoxide
CO
Carbon Dioxide
CO₂
Methane
CH₄
Ethane
C₂H₆
Propane
C₃H₈
Butane
C₄H₁₀
Pentane
C₅H₁₂
Benzene
C₆H₆
Methanol (Methyl Alcohol)
CH₃OH
Ethanol (Ethyl Alcohol)
CH₃CH₂OH
Acetone
CH₃COCH₃
Diethyl Ether (Ether)
CH₃CH₂OCH₂CH₃
Lithium
Li⁺
Sodium
Na⁺
Potassium
K⁺
Ammonium
NH₄⁺
Silver
Ag⁺
Magnesium
Mg²⁺
Calcium
Ca²⁺
Zinc
Zn²⁺
Copper (I)
Cu⁺
Copper (II)
Cu²⁺
Iron (II)
Fe²⁺
Iron (III)
Fe³⁺
Aluminum
Al³⁺
Fluoride
F⁻
Chloride
Cl⁻
Bromide
Br⁻
Iodide
I⁻
Hydroxide
OH⁻
Acetate
CH₃COO⁻
Nitrate
NO₃⁻
Oxide
O²⁻
Sulfide
S²⁻
Sulfate
SO₄²⁻
Sulfite
SO₃²⁻
Carbonate
CO₃²⁻
Phosphate
PO₄³⁻