Chapter 2: Catholic Social Teaching

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Dorothy Day & Catholic Worker Movement
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Terms in this set (52)
Pastoral letterDocument typically written by a bishop or group of bishops for all the Catholics in a specific locationConstitutionA text from a council of all the world's bishops, including the Pope, written for all the world's Catholics and othersThe EnlightenmentSocial, political, and philosophical movement in the 18th century that asserted that reason and science are the basis for knowing truth and dismissed religious teachings, the Bible, and any claims of Church or royalty to have authority in matters of truth or in directing human beingsLiberalistPhilosophy of individual rights and autonomy, part of the "program" of the EnlightenmentCapitalGoods or wealth in the form of money or assetsCapitalismAn economic system where most of production is privately owned and manipulated in hopes of achieving the most profit in a market economy.Socialisma set of theories or system of government which advocates for the collective or governmental ownership and administration of production and distribution of goods, and the owning of property.Karl MarxA philosopher, social scientist, historian, and revolutionary communists whose ideals made him the most influential socialist thinker to emerge in the 19th century.Communisma system in which all property and goods are owned in common and are available to all who need them. Nothing is privately owned.Marxisma set of economic, political, and social theories by Karl Marx expressing the belief that history has been heavily effected by the forces of social classes, and society should eventually be free of classes.Frederic OzanamAntoine-Frédéric Ozanam was a French scholar, who founded with fellow students the Conference of Charity, later known as the Society of Saint Vincent de Paul. He is extremely young (20) and the foundation still thrives today.Cardinal James GibbonsJames Gibbons was an American Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. In his later years he was seen as the public face of Roman Catholicism in the United States. He is famous for his support of the labor movement in the United States, and has many schools named for him.Pope Leo XIII & socialismLeo XIII was a catholic pope who believed Socialists assail the right of property sanctioned by natural law.Natural Lawnatural law is a system of law that is determined by nature, and so is universal.Just WageA just wage is a wage level for a job that is set by market dynamics and justified by the requirements in terms of the worker's experience, education and skills.Unionsan organized association of workers formed to protect and further the rights and interests; a labor union is an exampleRerum Novarum's effectivenessThis is a Papal document created by Pope Leo XIII that addresses the dehumanizing conditions in which many workers labor and affirms workers' rights to just wages, rest, and fair treatment, to form unions, and to strike if necessary. This has inspire many people and has also been criticized as being too broad. It provides as an example of what what labor reforms should take place and how labor should be in all countries. This is a primer of the Roman Catholic response to the exploitation of workers.Major documents(pp. 52-54)- Humanum Genius 1884 Leo XIICold WarA conflict that was between the US and Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.Catholic Social Teaching change in the '60'sThe body of official Church documents written by Church leaders in response to various social, political, and economic issues.7 Themes of Catholic Social TeachingLife and Dignity of the Human Person; Call to Family, Community, and Participation; Rights and Responsibilities; Option for the Poor and Vulnerable; The Dignity of Work and the Rights of Workers; Solidarity; Care for God's CreationPrivate Propertymovable property (as distinguished from real estate)Participationthe action of taking part in somethingMarginalizedtreatment of (a person, group, or concept) as insignificant or peripheralCommon Goodthe benefit and interests of allSubsidiaritya catholic principle that dictates that anything that can be accomplished by a small group or organization should not be attempted by a larger group.Rightsa moral or legal entitlement to have or obtain something or to act in a certain way.Survival Rights & Thrival Rightssurvival rights are what is needed to survive and stay alive, but thrival rights are the rights to thrive in an environment and move past basic standards of living.Universal Declaration of Human RightsThis document was adopted by the United Nations at a conference in 1948. It declared unalienable rights that apply to all humans, regardless of race, gender, social status or other qualities.Option for the Poor and VulnerableThis catholic principle takes into consideration the special needs of the poor, and those who cannot help themselves.Frank DailyA14 year old boy who when seeing a poor pregnant women come onto the bus with no shoes because she couldn't afford them, decided to take off his new basketball shoes and give them to her. He had just been feeling invisible because he hadn't made the basketball team, but he realized she's invisible to society as well but in a more severe way. So "he chose the women's long-term comfort over his own temporary needs" (65).Medelin, ColombiaThe location for the notorious 1968 conference in which the Latin American bishops released a statement concerning the option for the poor and vulnerable that encouraged everyone to freely choose to become friends or partners with the poor and to take on their problems as their own.Liberation TheologyThe idea that humans go through suffering not because God wants them to suffer, byt because God wants them to experience abundant life. But just like he had done with the slaves in Egypt, God will liberate people from suffering by liberating them from sin. Liberation theology also emphasizes that acting on faith is better than talking about faith.Christian Base CommunitiesSmall groups of 20-30 people who gather to reflect on the meaning of the Gospel in their lives and to support one another. (Many of these communities formed in Latin America were inspired by liberation theology that had led them to a great sense of community.)Gustavo Gutierrezthe founder of the idea of Liberation Theology.Maquiladoraa foreign owned assembly plant. (In book story/example, the maquiladora a girl worked at had awful worker conditions.)Right of WorkersThings that are necessary for dignified work. Such as employment, a safe work place, fair pay. Workers are allowed to to joint unions in order to keep these rights.Dignity of Workthe value that work has because it supports human life and contributes to human dignity.Solidaritypeople coming together and creating a spirit of friendship. A constant commitment to the common good.Bishops Peace Pastorala letter written by bishops on war and peace. They mention that people can destroy the earth, and only our to deliberate policy that humanity can survive. (1983)Economic PastoralAnother letter by bishops on how the economy exists to serve the person, not the other way around. They wanted economic decisions to be based on whether they enhance humanity and well being of people. (1986)Always Our ChildrenA letter by bishops to reach out to parents of homosexual children. It offers words of advice and love from the church in order to accept themselves and their children. (1997)