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structure of music

organizes the msuic

repetition and contrast

unity and variety in music

strophic form

a vocal form in which the same music is repeated for each line of text


some aspects of music are altered but original still recognizable


pieces created spontaneously in performance, not precomposed

binary form

two-part form based on a statement and departure, labeled A-B

ternary form

three part form based upon a statement, departure, and return to statement A-B-A


melodic idea used as a building block in music


repeating a melody at a higher or lower pitch level


smallest fragment of a theme that is still a melodic unit

call and response

features a soloist, then a group response


repetition of a musical pattern


complete section of a larger work

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