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50 terms

Computer

Computer Class
STUDY
PLAY
A(n) ____ is system software.
operating system
____ theft is the act of stealing computer equipment.
Hardware
A fingerprint reader is an example of a biometric system as shown in the accompanying figure.
True
____ computers are a good option if you work mostly in one place and have plenty of space in your work area.
Desktop
Most notebook computers come with a touch-pad, a small, flat, rectangular pointing device near the keyboard that allows you to move the pointer by sliding a fingertip on the surface of the pad. Such a device is shown in the accompanying figure.
True
If an antivirus program cannot remove an infection, it often ____.
quarantines the infected file
As shown in the accompanying figure, a ____ is hardware and/or software that protects a network's resources from intrusion by users on another network such as the Internet.
firewall
Which kind of monitor uses a liquid crystal display to produce images on the screen?
LCD
____ conveys meaning and is useful to one or more people.
Information
Software users with a EULA like the one in the accompanying figure may make as many backup copies of the software as they want.
False
People who use the computer directly or use the information it provides are called computer users, end users, or sometimes, just users.
True
Computers perform four basic operations — input, process, output, and communication.
False
Although CD's have large storage capacities, even a CD cannot hold many of today's complex programs.
True
A ____ is an icon on the desktop that provides a user with immediate access to a program or file.
shortcut
Which of the following buttons are contained on the Quick Access Toolbar by default?
All of the above
Which of the following is an example of a possessed object?
badges and keys
Which of the following is not an example of a biometric device?
smart card
Some operating systems, such as Windows, include personal firewalls like the ones shown in the accompanying figure.
True
Windows 7 is used to run ____ software.
application
Companies should review successful access attempts for irregularities.
True
Software ____ occurs when someone steals software media, intentionally erases programs, or illegally copies a program.
theft
Encrypted data is called plaintext.
False
A key advantage of word processing software is that users easily can make changes in documents, such as correcting spelling; changing margins; and adding, deleting, or relocating words, sentences, or entire paragraphs.
True
Most systems require that users select their own passwords, to be entered in forms such as the one shown in the accompanying figure.
True
A ____ is a program that hides in a computer and allows someone from a remote location to take full control of the computer.
root-kit
The system unit on most personal computers contains at least one hard disk, sometimes called an internal hard disk because it is not portable.
True
As shown in the accompanying figure, many Web sites require a user to enter a(n) ____, which is a private combination of characters associated with a user name that allows access to certain computer resources.
password
____ protects a computer against viruses by identifying and removing any computer viruses found in memory, on storage media, or on incoming files.
An antivirus program
A(n) ____ window is an open window hidden from view but that can be displayed quickly by clicking the window's program button on the task-bar
minimized
Screen resolution indicates the number of ____ that the computer uses to display the letters, numbers, graphics, and background you see on the screen.
pixels
All of the following are common ways computers become infected with malware, except ____.
installing a software package from a CD
If computer equipment is networked, a single power disturbance can damage multiple systems.
True
A ____ is a duplicate of a file, program, or disk that you can use in case the original is lost, damaged, or destroyed.
Backup
If your computer has a(n) modem, then you can access the Internet using a standard telephone line.
True
If you are required to log on to the computer, the ____ screen is displayed, which shows the user names of users on the computer.
Welcome
A(n) ____ is an injury or disorder of the muscles, nerves, tendons, ligaments, and joints.
RSI
If a shorter password were in use in the accompanying figure, it would provide greater security than a longer one.
False
One method of displaying the entire contents of a window is to ____ it.
maximize
Most antivirus programs do not provide updated virus signature files for users.
False
In applications that allow users to write ____, the security level should be set so the application warns users that a document they are attempting to open contains a macro.
Macros
The processor, memory, and storage devices are housed in a box-like case called the ____.
system unit
As shown in the accompanying figure, each ____ contains a collection of groups, each of which contains related functions.
Tabs
A computer ____ risk is any event or action that could cause a loss of or damage to computer hardware, software, data, information, or processing capability.
security
____ is a full-featured word processing program that allows you to create many types of personal and business documents.
Word
Electrical power variation is one of the least common causes of system failure.
False
To protect themselves from software piracy, software manufacturers issue a(n) ____ agreement like the one shown in the accompanying figure, which gives users the right to use the software.
license
A(n) ____ is the destructive event or prank malware is intended to deliver.
payload
What type of device is shown in the accompanying figure?
input (Mouse)
With a(n) mouse, you control the movement of the pointer on the screen and make selections from the screen.
True
A Web page can contain text, graphics, audio, and video, and has built-in connections, or links, to other Web documents.
True