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Arts and Humanities
The News Media and the Internet: Communicating Politics
Terms in this set (35)
Although the American press originally had a political orientation, it eventually shifted to a journalistic orientation, which emphasizes ______.
newsworthy information and events
________journalism refers to news reporting that is based on "fact" rather than opinion and that presents both sides of a partisan debate.
Which of the following rules required a broadcast station to provide a "reasonable opportunity for the discussion of conflicting views of public importance"?
the Fairness Doctrine
Which of the following happened when the Fairness Doctrine was eliminated in 1987?
Hundreds of radio stations switched from playing music to airing partisan talk shows.
American newspapers were originally ______.
Yellow journalism featured ______ stories.
Adolph Ochs, the architect of objective journalism, had taken ownership of which newspaper?
The New York Times
Which of the following media were subject to the FCC's Fairness Doctrine?
The elimination of the _________ _________meant that radio stations no longer had to air a conservative talk show if they aired a liberal one.
Much like political parties and interest groups, the news media, or press, ______.
are a key intermediary between Americans and their leaders
What was the goal of yellow journalism?
to lure in readers by any means
What new technology led to the chaos that spurred the establishment of the Federal Communications Commission?
Which of the following functions do news media perform?
provide political information that attracts an audience
act as a watchdog that scrutinizes official behavior
provide a channel through which political leaders communicate to the public
Which of the following media typically have a signaling function?
youTube political bloggers with the largest audiences are concentrated on ______.
the extreme right
Why is it important that the media perform the common-carrier function?
People cannot support or oppose a leader's plans if they do not know about them.
In priming, who or what determines how people will interpret the information they receive?
All media outlets, whether broadcast, print, cable, or on the Internet, that are in the business of creating and reporting original news stories are called the news
What event marked a turning point in the American press's approach to politicians' motives and actions?
the Watergate scandal
When journalists highlight certain aspects of a situation and downplay other aspects, they are engaged in ______.
The media serves. a ____________ function when it alerts the public to unethical or illegal activities by the government.
The _____ is the public official who has the greatest access to the media.
Tufts University's Sarah Sobieraj and Jeffrey Berry's study described the basis for partisan talk show programming as paritsan "______."
Most partisan Internet sites also take the "______" approach described in the Tufts University study.
What is a potential problem with the media's watchdog function, according to critics?
Overzealous coverage of minor scandals heightens the public's distrust of government officials.
Which statement best describes the "softening" of American news in the 1980s and 1990s?
Most news outlets incorporated celebrity gossip, sensational crimes, and human-interest stories to attract a broader audience.
The news media's partisan function means that they ______.
act as advocates for particular viewpoints
Which of the cable news networks most fully treats news as a form of entertainment?
The onset of ______ increased the entertainment content in traditional news outlets as audiences for those outlets began to shrink.
In 1980, the viewers of ABC, CBS, and NBC evening news were roughly 40 years of age, on average. Today that average is roughly ______ years of age.
What best describes partisan media outlets in the era of the information commons?
They were very rare.
The audience for Huffington Post's website is overwhelmingly ______.
In the 1970s, the average reader devoted more than 30 minutes to reading the printed newspaper. That average is now ______ minutes.
Which of the following correctly describes members of the "inattentive audience"?
They pay only sporadic attention to the news.
They pay attention to news when a major event occurs, such as COVID-19.
_____ is a service that alerts local newsrooms to topics that are trending on social media.
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