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History of California
Terms in this set (16)
was the pen-name of Louise Amelia Knapp Smith Clappe, the wife of a frontier doctor in the California mining camps. She wrote 23 letters to her sister in the east, in 1851 and 1852, about life among these letters were serialized in a magazine and, later collected in a book, giving readers a ringside seat at the gold rush, seen from the perspective of a woman
Bret Harte's gold rush story, _________, got its inspiration from an incident that Dame Shirley had shared with him. His story embellishes on _________ factual account, with character types and other elements that would become standards in the western fiction genre ... especially the civilizing impact that children and "good" women had on a rough society of men on the American frontier.
The Luck of Roaring Camp; Dame Shirley's
Wrote her famous Dame Shirley letters
Louise Amelia Knapp Clappe:
came to California in 1854 at the age of 17, living in the gold fields around Arcata. Between 1868 and 1871, Harte enshrined the gold rush in romantic short stories. In doing so, he created many of the elements of the western genre in fiction.
Brett Harte Charles Crocker:
began his career as the author of humorous fiction under the pen name, Mark Twain, while working as a San Francisco newspaper reporter in the 1860s. His short story about a jumping frog contest in the gold country made him a national celebrity.
The specific plan that led to construction of the first ___________ came out of California and was the work of an engineer named _________.
Thanks to Judah's plan, the Union Pacific from the east (built by Irish immigrant laborers) and the Central Pacific from the west (built by Chinese immigrants) joined to for the first transcontinental railroad.
Theadore P. Judah; first transcontinental railroad
Thanks to _________ plan, the Union Pacific from the east (built by Irish immigrant laborers) and the ________ from the west (built by Chinese immigrants) joined to for the _______.
Judah's, Union Pacific, transcontinental railroad
Judah had attracted four middle-class merchants to incorporate as the Central Pacific Railroad with the information that -- with only modest investment -- they could become wealthy by using federal subsidies to build their railroad. These men -- Leland Stanford, Collis Huntington, Charles Crocker, and Mark Hopkins -- became known as the
The _________ president,______________, took office as governor in 1862 and used his position to encourage state subsidies for his railroad. He also appointed the railroad's attorney to the state supreme court.
Central Pacific, Leeland Standford
In response to complaints from Pacific coast states, the federal _______ was introduced in 1882, prohibiting Chinese immigration for 10 years. It was extended in 1892 and made "permanent" in 1902.
Chinese Exclusion Act
______________________- was the nephew of one of the Big Four -- _____________ -- and was southern California's leader in interurban railroad development. His Pacific Electric Railway helped to transform Los Angeles into a major population hub.
Henry Huntington, Collis P. Huntington
_______________ was a journalist who was angered that the _________________ -- the largest private landowner in the state -- had acquired most of its land through government subsidies, held onto it for speculative purposes, and now sought to rent or sell it for prices putting it out of reach for small farmers. He argued for an end to private rent and to land speculation by means of a tax on land that would equal its rental value.
Henry George, Southern Pacific Railroad
___________- California's first great novelist, focused on the uglier elements of California's early American period. In ________ (1899), he told an epic story of greed set in San Francisco and Death Valley. In ________ (1901), he dramatized how the railroad had its corrupt tentacles into everything in California.
Frank Norris, In McTeague, In the Octopus
__________ campaigned to have a breakwater and harbor built with federal funds at ________ because he could purchase enough land there to prevent prevent direct access to the harbor by any other railroad. The Southern Pacific had long controlled the port of San Francisco in this way. Los Angeles, however, wanted the harbor at San Pedro, where it would not be controlled by the Southern Pacific.
Collis Huntington, Santa Monica
The 1906 _________ was caused by movement on the San Andreas fault, which runs nearly the length of the state, passing through San Bernardino.
San Fran Earthquake
San Francisco Attorney __________ was convicted and jailed for his role as the kingpin in a city government that thrived on bribery prior to the 1906 earthquake and fires.