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Interest Groups and Lobbying in Texas
Terms in this set (43)
What did James Madison think of the future of interest groups?
He believed that competition between groups would prevent any one from dominating.
Which of the following is an example of a government organization?
The Texas Farmers Union (not to be confused with the Texas Farm Bureau) represents which segment of the Texas agricultural industry?
family farms and ranches
Peak business organizations focus on which of the following goals?
supporting legislation that would foster a "good business climate" in Texas
A PAC is a specialized kind of interest group that ______.
collects and distributes money to candidates for office
Which of the following is an example of a peak business organization?
Texas Association of Manufacturers
The Texas Apartment Association, the Texas Restaurant Association, and the Beer Alliance of Texas are all examples of ______.
retail trade groups
How does the Constitution deal with the issue of interest groups?
Interest groups are protected by the First Amendment to the Constitution.
Which of the following is an example of a specialized "educational" association?
Texas High School Coaches Association
The Good Roads Association is an example of a(n) --------- because it represents the specific business interests of highway contractors.
Which type of interest group has little power in Texas compared to many other states?
What is the primary goal of retail trade associations?
protecting their trades from undesirable state regulation
Who would be least likely to be a member of a professional association?
a bank teller
What is the primary distinction between trade associations and peak business organizations?
Trade associations represent more specific business interests such as the oil industry.
In Texas, how are public sector employee organizations classified, due to their inability to engage in collective bargaining?
What is the largest category of interest group?
State and local interest groups (SLIGs) represent ______.
the organization, not its individual members
Which of the following are considered lobbying efforts?
working with members of the legislature to draft legislation
encouraging members of an interest group to contact legislators regarding legislation
testifying before a committee hearing about the effect of proposed legislation
In what ways does a professional association differ from a trade association?
its members typically hold a state-issued professional license
the state regulates the scope of its members' practice
Which of the following statements best describes collective bargaining?
Collective bargaining is the process of negotiation between an employer and a group of employees so as to determine the conditions of employment.
Which of the following is not an example of a state and local interest group?
State Board of Education
What are the main goals of interest groups' public relations activities?
to influence public opinion regarding a particular issue
to create a favorable image for the group
The practice of trying to influence members of the legislature is called
In its pursuit of electioneering, an interest group's most import resource is ______.
Which of the following is the primary goal of most state and local interest groups?
protecting local interests from state activities
What is the most common technique used by interest groups to promote their interests?
lobbying the state legislature
An activity in which an interest group engages in order to influence the outcome of an election is known as
Individuals may benefit from the work of interest groups even if they don't participate in the groups' activities. Because of this, some groups have difficulty recruiting members, a phenomenon known as the
How has the interest group tactic of entertaining legislators changed over the years?
There is far less provision of entertainment, food, and bribes, but it is still a key part of the process.
In terms of leadership and organization, the Texas Municipal League draws strength from its ______.
strong, proactive legislative committee
quick adoption of stands on key legislative items
Interest groups need money for which of the following?
to pay full-time staff
Which of the following accurately describe the Texas Municipal League?
a characteristic of some interest groups, refers to the fact that the groups have members in all regions of the state.
Which of the following industries have, in the past, dominated the Texas economy?
An "astroturf organization" is one that lacks ______.
a grassroots organization
How does economic diversity affect interest group power in Texas?
The diversified economy has increased the number of interest groups, thus diluting the groups' power.
The Pharmaceutical Industry Labor-Management Association (PILMA) sought to defeat a bill in Texas to lower drug prices. PILMA has no individual members and receives most of its money from the pharmaceutical industry. It is best described as a(n) ______.
How does the party structure in Texas affect interest group power and influence?
The weakened structure of party competitiveness strengthens interest group influence
Which of the following statements best summarize the control the governor of Texas enjoys over state agencies?
The governor makes few significant appointments to state agencies and therefore possesses minimal control over policy decisions.
Texas has a(n ________ government structure because power is dispersed to many state agencies with little or no central control.
Which of the following make it likely that interest groups will continue to dominate state politics in Texas?
low levels of political participation
the decentralized administrative structure
the traditionalistic/individualistic political culture
How does the state's government structure alter the operations of interest groups in Texas?
The groups focus their attention on the leadership of the state agency regulating their industry.
Why does the Texas oil industry lobby focus on influencing the Texas Railroad Commission?
The Texas Railroad Commission oversees the state oil industry.
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