there are two eternal, competing "forces" in the universe, forces which exist side-by-side. Prevailing cosmology in ancient Greece.
the worship of many gods
Matter is all that exists, and thus, matter is all that matters. There are no "spiritual" realities, and thus there is no God, and no human soul.
God is the transcendent creator of the universe, but that God has left the world to operate on its own, according to the laws of nature.
All that exists is God; or is a part of God
God is in all that exists.
A heretical aberration of Christianity that bears many similarities to pantheism.
literary framework theory
Maintains that the creation account found in Genesis is not intended to supply us with a chronological sequence of events, but with a theological/literary framework by which to teach us about God's creative activity.
Rejects the notion of the existence of any and all gods.
Living organisms evolved within a process largely like that proposed by atheistic evolutionists but God intervened in this evolutionary process at several crucial points.
Strictly natural forces gradually mutate living organisms from one species to another over terrifically long periods of time.
The gradual development of a species over long periods of time.
The Gap Theory
Places a lengthy period of time—perhaps millions, or even billions of years between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2.
Old Earth/ Progressive Creationism
Places a lengthy period of time—perhaps millions, or even billions of years—between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2.
New Earth Creationism
Maintain that God directly and instantaneously created all things, visible and invisible, in six successive twenty-four hour days, between 6,000 and 20,000 years ago.
"day" in Hebrew.
Why is the doctrine of creation the rightful and necessary context for all Christian theology?
Because the good news of Jesus Christ is inevitably disjointed, and ultimately unintelligible, apart from a biblical understanding of creation.
Is creation ex nihilo dogma or doctrine?
A thoroughly pagan notion of randomness that governs the universe.
fate/ philosophical Determinism
This world is governed by blind, impersonal forces.
God keeps all created things existing and maintaining the properties with which he has created them.
The sovereignty of God and the responsibility of human beings are mutually compatible, rather than incompatible or contradictory
God cooperates with created things in every action, directing their distinctive properties to cause them to act as they do
decrees of God
The eternal plans of God, whereby, before the creation of the world, he determined to bring about everything that happens
To speak when Scripture speaks, to say as much as Scripture allows you to say and to stop talking when and where Scripture itself falls silent.
Humans necessarily choose and act in accordance with the greatest and strongest loves, passions, and desires inside of them
Humans choose and act in accordance with external forces that irresistibly overcome them.
the decrees of God
1 Peter 1:20
the decrees of God
What are the four major cosmological errors the doctrine of providence averts?
deism, pantheism, chance and fate.
What consolations does the doctrine of providence provide?
Nothing happens in this world without God's appointment.That God's governance is holy, mighty, good, wise, and that God either averts all evil from us, or turns what touches us to our ultimate benefit.
Considers humans to be basically spirit, meaning that which is physical/material is foreign to their real nature. Dualistic in nature.
Considers humans to be material only, their mental, emotional, and "spiritual" life being mere byproducts of their material structures.
A materialistic anthropologist known for his theories on human origin.
A materialistic anthropologist known for his understanding of economics and history.
A materialistic anthropologist known for his understanding of human behavior and social engineering.
Father of platonic thought; an idealistic anthropology prominent in ancient Greece.
Constitutes the center and source of the whole person, comprehending one's thinking, feeling, volition, and ultimately, one's conduct.
The human person must be understood as a unitary being, as a unified whole. Not divided into parts like mind, soul and heart.
the Intermediate State
During the period between physical death and bodily resurrection, humans neither cease to exist nor exist in an unconscious state commonly called "soul sleep." Rather, during that period of redemptive history, humans consciously exist while no longer living in their present bodies.
As the result of sin, humans are alienated from God, alienated from one another, alienated from themselves, and alienated from creation
Fear of punishment for wrongdoing, without being motivated by honor or a sense of duty, and least of all by love.
Humans are made of two distinguishable parts, namely, body and soul/spirit.
A human is made of three distinguishable parts, namely, body, soul, and spirit.
soul (according to trichotomy)
Comprised of intellect, emotion, and will
spirit (according to trichotomy)
A "higher" faculty than the soul, which only comes alive when a person becomes a Christian
An individual with profound albeit derivative value from God, who is a moral agent responsible to God—an agent whose choices and actions are of tremendous, even eternal significance.
Humankind is uniquely made to represent, reflect, and above all, relate with/respond to God.
the Fourfold State of Humanity
the original image, the perverted image, the renewed image and the perfected image.
the state in which humans were initially created.
the state to which all humans were subjected subsequent to the Fall.
the state of fallen humans who have been reconciled to God, and are being progressively conformed to Jesus Christ
the state in which all renewed humans shall be in the future, when they are glorified together at the culmination of God's redemptive activity.
a parasite, an alien imposition on the human constitution that keeps us from God.
refers to the state, or condition, into which every son of Adam and daughter of Eve is born in consequence of the first sin of our first parents.
the corruption of our person, which is the result of original sin, and which, in turn, produces concrete sins.
Early church father who coined the phrase, "original sin"
Every human is born in the state of original sin, and thus every human, at birth, is corrupt in nature.