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6th Grade Hot List #1
Literary Terms and Devices
Terms in this set (18)
A polite or vague word or phrase that is thought of as too direct or rude. Ex: The room where the toilet is. My dog passed away.
A narrative device that hints at coming events; often builds suspense or anxiety in the reader.
The use of exaggeration for emphasis not meant to be taken literally. Ex: Someday I'll have tons of money. She cried a flood of tears.
A figure of speech that compares 2 unlike things by saying that one thing is the other. Ex: The world is a stage.
A figure of speech that compares 2 unlike things in order to describe something but uses the word "like" or "as". Ex: The fullback was built
a tank. She stood as still
The use of a word whose sound imitates or suggests its meaning. Ex: crash, bang, hiss, crunch, buzz.
Personification (special kind of Metaphor)
When you give something that is nonhuman or nonliving (animals, plants, forces of nature, or abstract thoughts like love) human attributes & qualities. Ex: Love is kind. The leaves danced along the sidewalk.
Imagery/Sensory Language (same thing)
Language that appeals to the five senses: sight, sound, taste, smell, and touch.
The contrast between what is expected & what really happens. Ex: A shoemaker wears shoes with holes in them.
A vocabulary strategy in which the reader looks at the words around an unfamiliar word to find clues to its meaning.
Commonly used expressions that are not literally true; figure of speech. Ex: "break a leg"; "piece of cake"; "fell in love"
The attitude a writer takes toward an audience, subject, or character. TIP: look at the writer's choice of words and details. Ex: light & humorous; serious & sad.
The overall emotion created by the work of literature. Ex: Eerie, dreamy, mysterious, depressing.
A person, place, a thing, or an event that has it's own meaning AND stands for something beyond itself as well. Ex: skull and crossbones, dove, red rose.
Point of View
The vantage point from which the story is told.
1st Person POV
One of the characters is telling the story; uses pronouns I, my, we, us.
3rd Person Omniscient POV
The narrator knows everything about everyone, including emotions and thoughts; uses pronouns him, her, they, them.
3rd Person Limited POV
The narrator focuses on thoughts and feelings for one character; you see the story from this character's eyes only.
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