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2250 Ch 9, 10, 11, 12
Terms in this set (117)
The processes selected and used to plan programs are in part predicated on the level of the ________ and that is often predicated on the ___ of the PP.
influence (intrapersonal, interpersonal, and/or community)
A community is defined as a "group of people who have common characteristics". They characterized by what 6 elements?
membership, common symbol systems, shared values and norms, mutual influence, shared needs and commitment to meeting them, shared emotional connection
"a process by which community groups are helped to identify common problems or goals they have collectively set"
Those who assist communities with organizing must make what assumptions?
Category of community development: seeks community change through broad self-help participation from the local community
Category of community development: heavily task oriented, focused on rational-empirical problem solving, usually by an outside expert
Category of community development: task and process oriented; increases community's problem solving ability to redress imbalances of power and privilege between the oppressed or disadvantaged group and the larger society
Greatest limitation of the three community organizing methods proposed by Rothman?
problem-based and organizer centred, rather than strengths-based and community-centred
It is better for the planner to come from within the community (community is often defined by something other than geographical boundaries) and the role they should take is that of a _______ or assistant rather than leader
First step in process of community organizing: RECOGNIZING THE ISSUE
- recognize issue exists in community and something needs to be done about it
- person who recognized issue = "initial organizer" even though he/she may not be primary organizer later on
- recognition can occur from outside or inside community (most successful = inside)
Internal recognition of the issue or concern
grassroots, citizen-initiated, or bottom-up organizing
Second step in the process of community organizing: GAINING ENTRY INTO THE COMMUNITY
- this step is likely not needed if issue is recognize from someone inside community (unless person is new to community or s/t)
- have to get in with "gatekeepers" of the community (individuals with influence ie. business leaders, teachers etc.)
- organizers must first be familiar with the community before approaching gatekeepers (cultural competence, sensitivity, humility)
Third step in the process of community organizing: ORGANIZING THE PEOPLE
- obtaining support of community members to deal with the concern
- start with individuals who are already interested (people most affected by the cause/want to see change occur) -> "executive participants"
- leader should be chosen (leadership skills, knowledge, community member) -> first goal: build group cohesion
- next step is to expand the group (sometimes become task force or coalition)
Three characteristics of a good organizer
1. Change vision attributes
- see a need for change and committed to seeing it occur
2. Technical skills
- efficacy issues and organizational health & effectiveness
3. Experience skills
- ie. respond with empathy, assess/intervene with individuals and groups
Active vs. occasional vs. supporting participants
- take part in most group activities and do the work that needs to be done (may also be executive participants)
- involved on an irregular basis and usually only when major decisions are made
- seldom involved; may contribute in non-active ways or through financial contributions
Recommended textbook explanations
Myers' Psychology for the AP Course
David G Myers
Psychology: Principles in Practice
Spencer A. Rathus
HOUGHTON MIFFLIN HARCOURT
A Concise Introduction To Logic Aplia 1 Term Printed Access Card
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