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State the particular problem the writer of Hebrews had to address
The writer of Hebrews had to persuade his readers to not go back to Judaism even though Judaism had come from God. He had to promote Christianity without trashing Judaism.
(Problems of Apostasy)
List 2 reasons to support that Hebrews was written to a Jewish audience
Title (To the Hebrews), Heavy use of OT references, References of Sabbath rest, References to the priesthood, References to OT heroes
Explain how Hebrews' chapter 1 contributed to the book's argument
in the opening verses, the writer validated the Hebrew Scripture and then showed that Jesus, the one who gave us the Hebrew Scriptures, came as a superior revelation and message.
Explain how Hebrews functions in relation to the Gospels
Gospels: Reveals "what," focuses on Jesus' work on earth, Description of Jesus' work, Facts of Jesus' ministry, Apostle of our confession
Hebrews: Reveals "so what," focuses on Jesus' work in heaven, Explanation of Jesus' work, Functions of Jesus' ministry, High Priest of our confession
Name any 2 of the 4 OT realities the writer showed Jesus was superior to
Jesus offers superior revelation because Jesus is superior to angels
Jesus offers superior rest because Jesus is superior to Moses and Joshua (?)
Jesus offers superior representation because Jesus is superior to Aaronic Priesthood
Jesus offers superior responsibility because Jesus is superior to OT understanding
Name and explain the alleged tension between James' book and Paul's writing
Paul wrote "faith without works is enough" and James wrote "faith without works is dead"
Explain how we addressed that tension in class
Paul told non-Christians about the role of faith in being a Christian
James was discussing the role of faith in being a Christian
Paul was writing to non-Christians, while James was writing to Christians
Given James' key passage (2:14-26), explain his theme and how he developed it (James was concerned that Christians weren't living by faith)
Faith that does not function is not faith at all
1) James Cause/Effect argument: If you claim the claim, I should expect to see the effect
2) James Effect/Cause argument: If I see the effect, I can argue for the existence of the cause
State what Jude wanted to write about and what he did write about
Desired to write about salvation but urged a defense of the faith
State and explain what the books of 2 Peter and Jude have in common
Both encouraged their readers to defend the faith
Name Peter's three themes
The perspective of salvation, submission, and suffering
Describe the condition of the people Peter addressed
No community, scattered, displaced, uprooted
Describe how the people's condition relates to the book's content
He taught them how to have grace and peace when they were suffering severe hardships
His message was that suffering only makes sense if you have a clear perspective on your salvation and your submission to God.
Name the danger John addressed with his Seven Contrasts and Seven Checks
The danger of the intellectual elitism addressed by Paul in Colossians, concerned John.
Seven contrasts and checks: See p. 73
Explain what John was doing with seven checks
To address the danger of hypocrisy
State and explain the two truths John was holding in tension in 2 John
Love and truth are essential to fellowship
Love guards truth and addresses error
Who Revelation was written to?
A persecuted church (7 churches in Asia Minor)
3 subjects John was told to address in Revelation
Things you have seen, Things which are, Things which will be hereafter
Name the topic that John addressed in the whole central part of Revelation
Explain what John was "doing" with the book
Prophetic picture of Jesus' victory (?)
Explain in one sentence what the revelation of Jesus means
The revelation of Jesus means the book is "from" Him and "about" Him.
James the Brother description
James was a son of Mary and Joseph who presided over the Jerusalem Council, was called "James the Just, "Camel Knees, and "Pillar in the Church," and was martyred by stoning.
The half brother of Jesus.....
Peter the Apostle description
He was a spokesman for the 12 disciples whose name was changed from Simon, he was in the inner circle of The Lord, he denied knowing Jesus, and was restored to Christ and re-commissioned for ministry.
John the Apostle description
John was one of Jesus' first disciples, was in Jesus' inner circle and considered the "Beloved Disciple," was one of the early church leaders (one of the pillars of the early church) and see p. 72.
Summarizing idea for Hebrews
Aggressively pursue Christ because He is the superior way
Summarizing idea for James
Faith that does not function is not faith at all
Summarizing idea for 1 Peter
Suffering Christians can have grace and peace in the fullest measure
Summarizing idea for 2 Peter
Growing in Christ is the greatest persecution against false teachers
Summarizing idea for 1 John
Believers who live in fellowship live with conviction
Summarizing idea for 2 John
Love and truth are reciprocal truths of Christianity
Summarizing idea for 3 John
Johns commends support of others' ministry and condemns resistance to it
Summarizing idea for Jude
The antidote to being crippled by error is to walk in the truth
Summarizing idea for Revelation
The living Christ instructs and encourages His church
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