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Chapter History 1 key terms
Terms in this set (14)
Paleolithic rock art
The hundreds of Paleolithic paintings discovered in Spain and France, dating to about 20,000 years ago; these paintings depict a range of animals, although human figures and abstract designs are also found.
Paleolithic carvings of the female form, often with exaggerated breasts, buttocks, hips, and stomachs, which may have had religious significance
A complex worldview of Australia's Aboriginal people that held that current humans live in a vibration or echo of ancestral happenings.
The earliest widespread and distinctive culture of North America; named from the Clovis point, a particular kind of projectile point.
Die-off of large animals in many parts of the world about 15,000-10,000 B.C.E., caused by climate change and perhaps human hunting.
The last phase of the great human migration that established a human presence in every habitable region of the earth. Austronesian-speaking people settled the Pacific islands and Madagascar in a series of seaborne migrations that began around 3,500 years ago. (pron. aws-troe-NEEZH-an)
"the original affluent society"
Term coined by the scholar Marshall Sahlins in 1972 to describe Paleolithic societies which he had regarded as affluent not because they had so much but because they wanted or needed so little
Religious specialists who possessed supernatural powers, communicated with the gods and nature spirits, invoked divine aid on behalf of their communities, and informed their companions of their gods' will.
In San culture, a nightlong ritual held to activate a human being's inner spiritual potency (n/um) to counteract the evil influences of gods and ancestors. The practice was apparently common to the Khoisan people of whom the Ju/hoansi are surviving remnant
Paleolithic settling down
At the end of the last Ice Age, human beings began to form settled villages as they discovered agriculture. This was a major change away from a way of life, nomadic hunting and gathering, that had been in place for most of human prehistory.
located on the northern fringe of the Kalahari desert; live as a hunter gatherer society; Khoisan linguistic family; displaced by the Bantu peoples; still practiced a Paleolithic way of life; consisted of various bands; complex social relations, but a largely egalitarian society
"insulting the meat"
A San cultural practice meant to deflate pride that involved negative comments about meat brought in by a hunter and the expectation that a successful hunter would disparage his own kill
Paleolithic culture of Southern California that survived until the modern era.
Brotherhood of the Tomol
A prestigious craft guild that monopolized the building and ownership of large oceangoing canoes, or tomols, among the Chumash people (located in what is now southern California).
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