PSYC 2000 Module 1

STUDY
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Structuralism
early school of psychology that used introspection to explore structural elements of the mind
functionalism
school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes function--how they enable us to adapt, survive and flourish
behaviorism
psychology should be 1) an objective science that 2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes.
** most research psychologists agree with 1 but not 2
humanistic psychology
emphasized growth potential of healthy people and the individuals potential for personal growth
cognitive neuroscience
interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition ( including perception, thinking, memory, and language
psychology
science of behavior and mental processes
nature-nurture issue
controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors.
today's sic sees traits and behavior from interaction of nat and nurt
natural selection
of all inherited trait variations those that contribute to reproduction and survival will be the ones passed on
Levels of analysis
differing yet complimentary view from bio to psycho to soc/cult, for analyzing any given phenomenon
biopsychosocial approach
integrated approach that incorporates biological, psychological and social-cultural levels of analysis
basic research
pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base
applied research
scientific study that aims to solve practical problems
counseling psychology
assists people w/ problems in living (often related to school, work, or marriage)
clinical psychology
studies, assess and treats people with psychological disorders
psychiatry
branch of medicine dealing w/ psychological disorders practiced by physicians who sometimes or vide medical (drug) treatments as well as psychological therapy