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Jainism Vocabulary

Taken from Living Religions, Fisher
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Tirthankaras
The great enlightened teachers in Jainism, of whom Mahariva was the last in the present cosmic cycle
Digambara
A highly ascetic order of Jain monks who wear no clothes
Svetambara
Jain order of monks who are less ascetic than the Digambara
jiva
the soul
samsara
The continual round of birth, death, and rebirth
ahimsa
Non-violence, a central Jain principle
anekantwad
The Jain principle of relativity or open-mindedness
aparigraha
Non-acquisitiveness, a major Jain principle
muni
Jain monk
saman
Jain semi-monk
samani
Jain semi-nun
anuvrats
small vows
kevala
In Jainism, the highest state of perfection (liberation)
gunasthana
the fourteen stages of ascent of the soul
kshatriya
clan which Mahavira came from (like Buddha)
Jina
one who has brought forth the highest in his or her being