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Grade 5 History Alive Lesson 1

Vocabulary terms for HIstory Alive lesson 1, Geography of the United states
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globe
the most accurate map of Earth
geographic terms
words that describe bodies of water and land forms, like gulf and valley
latitude
lines on a map that circle Earth from east to west
longitude
lines on a map that run from the North Pole to the South Pole
geography
the study of our natural surroundings and how we interact with them
physical features
bodies of water and land forms, such as the Gulf of Mexico
Prime Meridian
the line at 0 degrees longitude
Equator
the line at 0 degrees latitude
source
where a river begins
mouth
where a river empties into a larger body of water like an ocean or a lake
cape
an extension of land jutting out into the water that is usually smaller or thinner than a peninsula
bay
similar to a gulf, but usually it is smaller and has a wide opening to the sea
peninsula
a body of land that is surrounded by water on three sides
delta
is formed when soil is deposited at the mouth of a river AND it is usually shaped like a triangle
tributary
a smaller stream that feeds into a river
gulf
part of a sea or an ocean that cuts into a mass of land
compass rose
the symbol on a map that shows directions
cardinal directions
the four main points on a compass