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chapter 6 Life Span Development

vocabulary
STUDY
PLAY
Adolescents
Persons woho are 12 to 18 years of age.
Anxious-avoidant Attachment
A bond between an infant and his/her parent or caregiver in which the infant is repeatedly rejected and develops an isolated lifestyle that does not depend on the support and care of others.
Atherosclerosis
A disorder in which cholesterol and calcium build up inside the walls of the blood vessels, forming plaque, which eventually leads to partial or complete blockage of blood flow.
Barotrauma
Injury resulting from pressure disequilibrium across body surfaces, for example too much pressure in the lungs.
Bonding
The formation of a close, personal relationship.
Conventional Reasoning
A type of reasoning in which a child looks for approval from peers and society.
Early Adults
Persons who are 19 to 40 years of age.
Fontanelles
Areas where the infant's skull has not fused together; usually disappear at approximately 18 months of age.
Infants
Persons who are from 1 month to 1 year of age.
Late Adults
Persons who are 61 years old or older.
Life Expectancy
The average amount of years a person can be expected to live.
Middle Adults
Persons who are 41 to 60 years of age.
Moro Reflex
An infant reflex in which, when an infant is caught off guard, the infant opens his/her arms wide, spreads the fingers, and seems to grab at things.
Neonate
Persons who are birth to 1 month of age.
Nephrons
The basic filtering units in the kidneys.
Palmar Grasp
An infant reflex that occurs when something is placed in the infant's palm;the infant grasps the object.
Postconventional Reasoning
A type of reasoning in which a child bases decisions on his/her conscience.
Preconventional Reasoning
A type of reasoning in which a child acts almost purely to avoid punishment to get what he/she wants.
Preschoolers
Persons who are 3 to 6 years of age.
Rooting Reflex
An infant reflex that occurs when something touches an infant's cheek, and the infant instinctively turns his/her head toward the cheek.
School Age
A person who is 6 to 12 years of age.
Secure Attachment
A bond between an infant and his/her parent or caregiver, in which the infant understands that his/her parents or caregivers will be responsive to his/her needs and take care of him/her when he/she needs help.
Sucking Reflex
An infant reflex in which the infant starts sucking when his/her lips are stroked.
Terminal Drop Hypothesis
The theory that a person's mental function declines in the last 5 years of life.
Toddlers
Persons who are 1 to 3 years of age.
Trust and Mistrust
A phrase that refers to a stage of development from birth to approximately 18 months of age, during which infants gain trust to their parents or caregivers if their world is planned, organized, and routine.