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27 terms

AP Music Theory Ch. 2

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Anacrusis
Occurs when a melody starts just before the first downbeat in a meter; also called an upbeat, or pick-up.
Bar Line
A vertical line that indicates the end of a measure.
Beat
The primary pulse in musical meter.
Compound Meter
any meter in which the beat divides into threes and subdivides into sixes. The top number of the meter signature will be 6, 9, 12.
Cut Time
A Near Eastern term that refers to a mound site formed through successive human occupation over a very long timespan.
Dot
Rhythmic notation that adds to a note half again its own value.
Downbeat
Beat 1 of a metrical pattern.
Eighth Note
A temmed black note head with one flag. In duple beat divisions, two eighth notes divide a quarter note beat; in triple beat divisions, three eighth notes divide a dotted quarter not beat.
Half Note
A stemmed white note head; its duration is equivalent to two quarter notes.
Measure
A unit of grouped beats; generally, a measure begins and ends with notated bar lines.
Meter
The grouping in which beats group into units of two.
Quadruple Meter
Meter in which beats group into units of four.
Duple Meter
Meter in which beats group into units of two.
Triple Meter
Meter in which beats group into units of three.
Meter Signature
Located at the beginning of the first line of a musical score, after the clef and key signature, the meter signature indicates the beat unit and grouping of beats in the piece or movement; also called a time signature.
Quarter Note
A stemmed black note head, equvalent in duration to two eighth notes.
Rest
A duration of silence.
Rhythm
The patterns made by the durations of pitch and silence (notes and rests) in a piece.
Simple Meter
Meter in which the beat divides into twos and subdivides into fours. The top number of the meter signature will be 2, 3, or 4.
Sixteenth Note
A stemmed black note head with two flags. In duple beat divisions, two sixteenths divide an eighth note beat; in triple beat divisions, three sixteenths divide a dotted eighth note beat.
Slur
An arc that connects two or more different pitches.
Syncopation
Off-beat rhythmic accents created by dots, ties, rests, dynamic markings, or accent marks.
Tempo
How fast or slow music is played.
Tie
A small arc connecting the note heads of two (or more) identical pitches, adding the durations of the notes together.
Time Signature
Another term for meter signature.
Upbeat
Occurs when a melody starts just before the first strong beat in a meter; named for the upward lift of the conductor;s hand. Another word for anacrusis.
Whole Note
A stemless white note head; equal in duration to two half notes.