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Occurs when a melody starts just before the first downbeat in a meter; also called an upbeat, or pick-up.
any meter in which the beat divides into threes and subdivides into sixes. The top number of the meter signature will be 6, 9, 12.
A Near Eastern term that refers to a mound site formed through successive human occupation over a very long timespan.
A temmed black note head with one flag. In duple beat divisions, two eighth notes divide a quarter note beat; in triple beat divisions, three eighth notes divide a dotted quarter not beat.
Located at the beginning of the first line of a musical score, after the clef and key signature, the meter signature indicates the beat unit and grouping of beats in the piece or movement; also called a time signature.
Meter in which the beat divides into twos and subdivides into fours. The top number of the meter signature will be 2, 3, or 4.
A stemmed black note head with two flags. In duple beat divisions, two sixteenths divide an eighth note beat; in triple beat divisions, three sixteenths divide a dotted eighth note beat.
Off-beat rhythmic accents created by dots, ties, rests, dynamic markings, or accent marks.
A small arc connecting the note heads of two (or more) identical pitches, adding the durations of the notes together.
Occurs when a melody starts just before the first strong beat in a meter; named for the upward lift of the conductor;s hand. Another word for anacrusis.
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