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Ch. 1 Anatomy Orientation and Directional Terms Quiz
Orientation and Directional Terms
(cranial or cephalad) toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body; above
(caudal) away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structure or the body; below
(anterior) toward or at the front of the body; in front of
(posterior) toward or at the backside of the body; behind
toward or at the midline of the body; on the inner side of
away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of
close to origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
(external) toward or at the body surface
(internal) away from the body surface; more internal