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10 terms

Ch. 1 Anatomy Orientation and Directional Terms Quiz

Orientation and Directional Terms
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superior
(cranial or cephalad) toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body; above
inferior
(caudal) away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structure or the body; below
ventral
(anterior) toward or at the front of the body; in front of
dorsal
(posterior) toward or at the backside of the body; behind
medial
toward or at the midline of the body; on the inner side of
lateral
away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of
proximal
close to origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
distal
farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
superficial
(external) toward or at the body surface
deep
(internal) away from the body surface; more internal