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Scientific Revolution

The Scientific Revolution people and ideas
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Scientific Revolution
A major shift in thinking between 1500 and 1700 in which modern science emerged as a new way of gaining knowledge about the natural world
Nicolaus Copernicus
Proposed the heliocentric theory that put the sun in the center of the earth with the planets traveling around the sun.
Johannes Kepler
Improved upon Copernicus's theory by showing that the planetary orbits were ellipses (ovals) not circles; wrote mathematical laws describing the movement of the planets
heliocentric
having the sun at the center
geocentric
having Earth at the center
Galileo
was forced by the church court known as the Inquisition to swear that the geocentric theory was true
Galileo
Italian astronomer and mathematician who built his own telescope and found four moons revolving around Jupiter
Isaac Newton
Discovered the laws of gravity
microscope, barometer, thermometer, telescope
four "key" inventions of the Scientific Revolution
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
The first person to see bacteria through a microscope