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The Scientific Revolution people and ideas

Scientific Revolution

A major shift in thinking between 1500 and 1700 in which modern science emerged as a new way of gaining knowledge about the natural world

Nicolaus Copernicus

Proposed the heliocentric theory that put the sun in the center of the earth with the planets traveling around the sun.

Johannes Kepler

Improved upon Copernicus's theory by showing that the planetary orbits were ellipses (ovals) not circles; wrote mathematical laws describing the movement of the planets


having the sun at the center


having Earth at the center


was forced by the church court known as the Inquisition to swear that the geocentric theory was true


Italian astronomer and mathematician who built his own telescope and found four moons revolving around Jupiter

Isaac Newton

Discovered the laws of gravity

microscope, barometer, thermometer, telescope

four "key" inventions of the Scientific Revolution

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

The first person to see bacteria through a microscope

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