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history 10 study guide

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who was Christopher Columbus?
1942 sailed ocean
born in Italy in 1451
father merchant and mother a wool weaver
what did Christopher discover?
Caribbean islands
how did Christopher have the means to explore?
Buddy buddy with queen Elisabella and king Ferdinand
what was the Colombian exchange?
Transatlantic trade of crops, technology, and culture between america and europe, africa, and asisa when colombus saiked to americas
describe the treaty or totesilles
Portugal and spain devided the non christian world
whats a cash crop?
A crop grown for sale
what was the verginia company?
A joint stock company who had permition from the king james town
group of native americans did colinist meet when arrived at new world
Powhatton
why did v colony nearly fail
not adapted to the harsh cold. depended on English supply ships to supply them. The natives did not help, and it wasn't until the supply ships came at the end of winter did they thrive again. Diseases.
what saved colony?
tobacco
indentured servant
person who agreed to work for about 7 years in return for food, houseing, clothes, and transportation
did the NA accept the VA colonist?
no
bacons rebellion
Verginia colonist revolted against the royal governor
what was the driving factorbehind the settlement of massachusits colony?
religious tolerance
Salem tirals
20 men and women hung for witchcraft
king phillips war
the most devastating war between the colonists and the Native Americans in New England.
pequot war
War between English settlers and Pequot indians
New Amsterdam
dutch trading station
middle passage
Passage for African americans
transantlantic trade system
Was a slave trade
mercantillism
Theory that a country should aquire as much bullion, gold or silver, as possible by exporting more than imports
navigation act
limit colonial trade to the British only
great awakening
Religious rivals in the American colonies
who was benjiman franklin
was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States
diplomat
what steps did the Virginia colony take in order to build a colony in the new world
charter from king
after kinf james took away the charter, verginia turned into a royal colony but formed an legislative body (this was called)
house of burgesses
how did this new "trading post" end up under the control of the british
king charles 2nd owned the land and gave it to his brother duke of york; new york
what what was the reasoning for the introduction of people from Africa to the colonies
help with crops