"Geometric Krater (Dipylon)" Creator(s): Geometric Period, Greek Date: 740 BCE Medium: black slip and clay ' Location: Cemetery in Athens, Greece --kraters were usually used for mixing water and wine. This on was found in a cemetery with a hole in the bottom, suggesting it may have been used to give offerings.
Figures appear in black
Black Figure Techniques
Figures appear in red
Red Figure Technique
Title: "Kouros" Creator(s): Archaic Period, Greek Date: ca. 600 BCE Medium: marble Size: 6 feet tall Location: Athens, Greece --there were many kouros figures --not sure what they represented (maybe a soldier or athlete) --combo of Minoan and Egyptian art
Differences -Greeks don't follow Egyptian cannon of proportions -"Kouros" has a cinched waist -"Kouros is open form, but "Menkaure and Wife" is closed
Compare and contrast "Kouros" with "Menkaure and Wife"
-cinched waist -men were darker than women since they worked outside -braided hair -naturalistic figures
How were Greek figures portrayed?
Nudity in Egyptian art was associated with defeat (enemies were depicted nude); however, nudity in Greek art portrayed figures in the most naturalistic human form.
Nudity in Egyptian art vs. Greek art
-"Kroisis" -created 70 years after Kouros -muscles and facial features are more defined (archaic smile) -defined rib cage suggests breathing
Title: "Doryphorus" Creator(s): Polykleitos Date:ca.450-400 BCE High Classical Period, Greek Medium: marble Size: 6 feet tall Location: Athens, Greece --sculpted in the round --uses contrapposto, symmetria, and rhythmos
sculpted to the full (you can walk around it and see the back of the figure)
Sculpted in the round
-counter balance -a casual stance -shifting weight to one side
-symmetry -balancing different parts of the body
-rhythem -a sense of pending movement
Title: Parthenon Creator(s): Iktinos and Kallikrates Date: 447 - 438 BCE High Classical Period Medium: pantelic marble Location: Acropolis in Athens, Greece --a Doric temple with Ionic elements and linear refinements --held the treasury of the Delian League --Statue of Athens stood here
-composed of leaders from different city states -made sure there was a military...meant there were taxes. This revenue was held in the Parthenon, which was built after Xerxes destroyed the Acropolis.
-series of columns that surrounded the cella -found in the Parthenon
-the space or porch in front of the cella -found in the Parthenon
-chamber at the center of the temple -the cult statue would be here -found in the Parthenon
-Doric -Ionic -Corinthian
3 types of columns
-curved stylobate: the steps are curved (but look flat) -entasis: swelling in the columns towards the bottom -inclined columns: the columns are not parallel
Linear refinement in the Parthenon
-drapery that appears to be wet -shows off the human form
Title: "Battle of Issus" Creator(s): Philoxenos of Eretia Date: 310 BCE Hellenistic / Late Classical Period Medium: mosaic Location: Pompeii, Italy --artist pays attention to small detail, but not in the backgroud --uses foreshortening (the horse) --Alexander the Great is shown as head-strong by wearing less armor
Small bits of material pieced together to make an image
When a figure appears to be projecting toward or away from the viewer
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