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Art of Ancient Greece

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"Geometric Krater (Dipylon) "
Creator(s): Geometric Period, Greek
Date: 740 BCE
Medium: black slip and clay '
Location: Cemetery in Athens, Greece
--kraters were usually used for mixing water and wine. This on was found in a cemetery with a hole in the bottom, suggesting it may have been used to give offerings.
Figures appear in black
Black Figure Techniques
Figures appear in red
Red Figure Technique
Title: "Kouros"
Creator(s): Archaic Period, Greek
Date: ca. 600 BCE
Medium: marble
Size: 6 feet tall
Location: Athens, Greece
--there were many kouros figures
--not sure what they represented (maybe a soldier or athlete)
--combo of Minoan and Egyptian art
Similarities
-stiff stance
-clenched hands
-no distinct facial features
-one foot forward

Differences
-Greeks don't follow Egyptian cannon of proportions
-"Kouros" has a cinched waist
-"Kouros is open form, but "Menkaure and Wife" is closed
Compare and contrast "Kouros" with "Menkaure and Wife"
-cinched waist
-men were darker than women since they worked outside
-braided hair
-naturalistic figures
How were Greek figures portrayed?
Nudity in Egyptian art was associated with defeat (enemies were depicted nude); however, nudity in Greek art portrayed figures in the most naturalistic human form.
Nudity in Egyptian art vs. Greek art
-"Kroisis"
-created 70 years after Kouros
-muscles and facial features are more defined (archaic smile)
-defined rib cage suggests breathing
Title: "Doryphorus "
Creator(s): Polykleitos
Date:ca.450-400 BCE High Classical Period, Greek Medium: marble
Size: 6 feet tall
Location: Athens, Greece
--sculpted in the round
--uses contrapposto, symmetria, and rhythmos
sculpted to the full (you can walk around it and see the back of the figure)
Sculpted in the round
-counter balance
-a casual stance
-shifting weight to one side
Contrapposto
-symmetry
-balancing different parts of the body
Symmetria
-rhythem
-a sense of pending movement
Rhythmos
Title: Parthenon
Creator(s): Iktinos and Kallikrates
Date: 447 - 438 BCE High Classical Period Medium: pantelic marble
Location: Acropolis in Athens, Greece
--a Doric temple with Ionic elements and linear refinements
--held the treasury of the Delian League
--Statue of Athens stood here
-composed of leaders from different city states
-made sure there was a military...meant there were taxes. This revenue was held in the Parthenon, which was built after Xerxes destroyed the Acropolis.
Delian League
-series of columns that surrounded the cella
-found in the Parthenon
Peristyle
-the space or porch in front of the cella
-found in the Parthenon
Pronaos
-chamber at the center of the temple
-the cult statue would be here
-found in the Parthenon
Cella (naos)
-Doric
-Ionic
-Corinthian
3 types of columns
-curved stylobate: the steps are curved (but look flat)
-entasis: swelling in the columns towards the bottom
-inclined columns: the columns are not parallel
Linear refinement in the Parthenon
-drapery that appears to be wet
-shows off the human form
Wet Drapery
Title: "Battle of Issus"
Creator(s): Philoxenos of Eretia
Date: 310 BCE Hellenistic / Late Classical Period Medium: mosaic
Location: Pompeii, Italy
--artist pays attention to small detail, but not in the backgroud
--uses foreshortening (the horse)
--Alexander the Great is shown as head-strong by wearing less armor
Small bits of material pieced together to make an image
Mosaic
When a figure appears to be projecting toward or away from the viewer
Foreshortening

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