Health Promotion and Nutrition (Final Studyguide)

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the leading cause of death among individuals age 1 to 44 is..

a cancer

b accidental injury

c guns and gun-related violence

d. disease related to being overweight or obese
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Terms in this set (49)
the nurse understands that health surveillance

a. provides a "snap shot" of point in time for significant health issue

b. replaces the data that is obtained when completing and individual patient's health history

c. has no real impact on reducing morbidity and mortality

d. is the ongoing systemic collection, analysis, interpretation, and dissemination of health data
An example of a nurse modifying the environment to promote safety is

a. moving a chair in a patient's room is that the patient has a clear path to the bathroom

b. reading about the most recent updates to child safety regulations

c. teaching a class on poison control

d. completing a home safety checklist with parents of a toddler
The nurse is teaching a patient who has recently been diagnosed with diabetes. When the patient demonstrates how to properly use the glucometer to check his blood glucose level, the nurse recognizes that the patient has

a. memorized enough information to effectively manage the condition at home

b. achieved a cognitive learning outcome

c. achieved a psycho motor learning outcome

d. displayed exceptional dexterity
As part of the teaching learning process the nurse plans appropriate learning activities. In order to do this effectively, nurse must first assess

a. relevance of popular health topics

b. the effectiveness of the evaluation tool

c. achievement of learning outcomes

d. the learning needs of the patient
Effective interventions intended to improve quality of life by increasing healthy coping skills and reducing the unhealthy consequences of distress is called a. renewal b. stress management c. eustress d. stress psychologyb. stress managementBenefits of managing stress include a. depression b. increased cardiovascular workload c. decreased blood pressure d. compromised immune systemc. decreased blood pressureWhen working with a patient who is exhibiting signs of stress, appropriate nursing actions include all of the following except a. assist the patient in identifying stressors b. assess the patients knowledge regarding the effects of stress c. assess the stress coping abilities of the patient d. refer the patient for psychological evaluationd. refer the patient for psychological evaluationThe nurse is working on a busy unit, and begins to feel the effects of the day stress. And effective technique to help reduce stress is the STOP technique. This technique encourages the nurse to a. stare into space for a few minutes, talk it over with a coworker, open your mouth and take a deep breath, pause frequently to reflect b. use this technique only when necessary so you don't hyperventilate c. slow down, take three deep breath's, observe your mind and body, proceed with your day d. stop focusing on your problems and pay attention to your patientsc. slow down, take three deep breath's, observe your mind and body, proceed with your dayMost Americans could benefit from more physical activity, but several groups are at higher risk of not including regular physical activity or exercise in their daily routine. These groups include a. people with disabilities and those over the age of 75 b. middle age professional men and women c. school age children and adolescents d. men of any agea. people with disabilities and those over the age of 75Health benefits of exercise includes a. decreased bone density and risk for osteoarthritis b. decreased cardiovascular efficiency c. increased risk of diseases such as heart disease and diabetes d. improved flexibility, strength, and enduranced. improved flexibility, strength, and enduranceThere are several approaches to meal planning for diabetic patients. These include all of the following except a. using "my plate" b. Distribution of energy nutrients c. carbohydrate elimination d. Carbohydrate countingc. carbohydrate elimnationFor a patient with chronic kidney disease the goal of dietary recommendations a. start dialysis as soon as possible b. limit sodium intake to less than 3,000 mg/day c. decrease overall food intake d. slow the progression of the diseased. slow the progression of the diseaseProteins of high biological value include a. peas, beans, and tofu b. beef and legumes c. dairy and legumes d. eggs, meat, dairy productsd. eggs, meat, dairy productsNutritional guidelines for adults with kidney disease or complex and must be individualized for the patient and stage of the disease a. true b. falsea. trueThe nurse is assigned to care for patient who has a personal history of cardiovascular disease the following dietary modifications are recommended for this patient a. high fiber, limit alcohol to 2-3 drinks per day b. smaller portions with no special considerations for fat or sodium intake c. low sodium, low fat, low cholesterol d. low fat, low fiberc. low sodium, low fat, low cholesterolIn the US, diet is estimated to contribute 35% of all cancers. All of the following statements support dietary recommendations to help reduce cancer risk except a. increase sodium b. increase daily intake of fruits and vegetables c. limit alcohol d. limit red meat and processed meatsa. increase sodiumWhich of the following statements regarding obesity and health risk are true a. people who are overweight or obese or more likely to develop hypertension and hyperlipidemia b. obesity does not increase the risk hypertension, sleep apnea, or gallbladder disease c. maintaining a healthy weight lowers the risk of heart disease, but please little roll and risk for stroke or diabetes d. people who are overweight or obese are less likely to develop heart disease and cancera. people who are overweight or obese or more likely to develop hypertension and hyperlipidemiaThe nurse is reviewing laboratory results for follow-up visit with the diabetic patient. Which of the following supports the patient's report that they have been achieving good serum glucose control in recent months a. a blood pressure of 112/80 b. total cholesterol of 225 c. a fasting serum glucose level of 96 d. a A1C of 5.6%d. a A1C of 5.6%Which of the following contribute to the greatest health risk associated with obesity a. abdominal obesity b. consuming most carbohydrates from the mid range of the glycemic index scale c. a body mass index of 27 d. gluteal femoral fat distributiona. abdominal obesityBenefits of team-based learning include providing students the opportunity to discuss key concepts, learn from each other, and work cooperatively to answer questions a. true b. falsea. trueWhen an individual views their level of wellness in terms of their ability to perform work, family, and social roles based on societal expectations, this is consistent with which health model? a. clinical b. role performance c. eudemonistic d. adaptiveb. role performanceWhen developing an individualized health promotion plan for a Pt, the nurse understands that interventions consistent with the healthy people 2020 document will: a. focus on the individual actions without regard for societal or environmental factors b. ensure the individual does not have an active role in health promoting behaviors c. emphasize results rather than the process of lifestyle d. help individuals attain high-quality, longer lives that are free of preventable diseasesd. help individuals attain high-quality, longer lives that are free of preventable diseasesA nurse at a community health screening refers an individual with a blood pressure of 150/86 (elevated) to their primary care provider for further evaluation. Health screening is an example of a. primary prevention b. tertiary referral c. therapeutic communication skills d. secondary preventiond. secondary preventionUsing the wellness-illness continuum, a high level of wellness a. can only be achieved through many long hours of hard work b. only exists when there is no disease state c. It's almost impossible to attain d. is influenced by the relationship between wellness and the environmentb. only exists when there is no disease stateHow are problems defined and distinguished? a. problems and potential problems are determined by dysfunctional patterns in the family and the presence of risk factors are indicators for potential problems:)T or F: An ecomap is diagram that shows social and personal relationships of an individual with his or her environment. The family is centered in the middle and surrounded with outside relationships/connectionstruewhich combination provides the most logical relationship between age group and injury? a. adolescents and car seats b. infants and poison control c. elderly and falls d. teenagers and drug abusec. elderly and fallsT or F: The nurses role in health promotion and disease prevention includes collaborating with families to assess, improve, and evaluate health practices, identifying risk-taking behaviors, and serving as a role model for the family a. true b. falsea. trueScreening is an important part of health promotion because a. it provides treatment for all individuals at risk for a condition b. it allows for early detection of the disease c. it is used to report aggregate data for health conditions d. it is the first step to creating healthier communitiesb. it allows for early detection of the diseaseT or F: The ketogenic diet increases insulin resistance because of the limited protein and fat in the diet planfalseBrain imaging shows that continued drug intake generates a progressive weakening in the prefrontal cortex required for exerting self-control. Once addicted, it is hard to quit on your own. a. true b. falsea. trueA patient doesn't have to be overweight or obese to have a binge eating disorder. a. true b. falsea. trueWhen a patient is able to use the concepts that they have learned to perform a desired action it is called: a. application b. effectiveness c. righta. applicaitonThe nurse is reviewing the written teaching plan for a patient. The following is an example of which type of learning? "The patient verbalized a readiness to learn and demonstrates an active desire to change their behaviors" a. affective b. not affective c. readiness to learn d. not ready to learna. affectiveManaging stress has health benefits that include: a. not strengthening the immune system b. losing excessive amount of weight c. strengthened immune system, better control of glucose levels, and improved sleepc. strengthened immune system, better control of glucose levels, and improved sleepwhen planning interventions to help manage stress it is important to know that: a. even tough you may not be able to change a stressor in your environment, you can change your inner environment using techniques such as deep breathing and mediation:)According to the health belief model, you can identify if/when an individual is likely to make a change and what obstacles may be addressed when teaching a. true b. falsea. trueThe transtheoretical model of change is useful for the nurse to help determine the patient's readiness for learning in relation to making a behavior change a. true b. falsea. trueDeterminants of health are factors that influence or determine health. they include biological, environmental, and social factors a. true b. falsea. trueMeasuring intake and output is one way to help monitor patients who are on a fluid restriction. a. true b. falsea. truePatients with Chronic Kidney Disease are placed on a diet that does: a. eliminates dietary sodium, potassium, and phosphorus intake b. severely restricts most carbohydrates c. encrouages 6-8 glasses of water a day d. recommends at least 50% of protein comes from proteins of high biological valued. recommends at least 50% of protein comes rom proteins of high biological valuePatients with severe pulmonary disease or impaired respiratory function are at a greater risk for becoming obese because they rarely have the energy to exercise a. true b. falseb. falsethe nurse is organizing a stroke prevention team to teach the community about the importance of managing blood pressure, decrease stress, and decrease sodium intake. a. upstream thinking b. predatory thinking c. downstream thinkinga. upstream thinking