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Human Sexuality Test #2
Terms in this set (81)
What are the different types of love?
passionate, companionate, infatuation, empty, romantic, consummate, liking, non-love, game-playing, possessive, altruistic, and pragmatic
The overwhelming feeling of attraction typical of the early stage of a loving relationship
What is a Sexual Relationship?
Involve more than two people and play out in a larger social, economical, and moral context
What is sociosexuality?
interest or engagement in sex without commitment
What is pro sociality?
a positive interest or concern for others
What is a non-cohabiting relationship?
An ongoing sexual relationship between two people who don't live together
What is companionate love?
love characterized by intimacy and trust
What is intimacy?
Connectedness in a relationship
What is commitment?
The decision to maintain a relationship
What is liking?
intimacy without passion or commitment
What is infatuation?
is passion without intimacy or commitment
What is empty love?
is commitment without passion or intimacy
What is romantic love?
passion and intimacy without commitment
What is fatuous love?
passion and commitment without intimacy
What is consummate love?
intimacy, passion, commitment
What is the best kind of love?
What is the attachment theory?
the idea that early attachments with parents and other caregivers can shape relationships for a person's whole life
What is homogamy?
the tendency of people with similar characteristics to marry one another
What is unrequited love?
love that is not returned
What is social monogamy?
the formation of pair-bonds or marriages that may or may not be sexually exclusive
What is the female chromosome?
What is the male chromosome?
Who decides what gender the baby is?
Which sperm travels faster but dies sooner?
Which sperm travels slower but lives longer?
How long does sperm last?
around 3 days
What is the process of the cell after conception?
zygote to blastocyte to embryo to fetus when born
When should parental care begin?
when you become sexually active
What is one way women can prevent birth defects?
Taking folate acid
Can sperm be affected by males habits?
yes it last for 3-6 days
What are bad influences the negatively impact the baby?
alcohol, drugs, medication, supplements
What are good influences that positively impact the baby?
exercise, nutrient dense diet, and health habits
How do fertility drugs help get a women pregnant?
multiple eggs are released during ovulation leading to a higher chance of fertilization
What are common complaints of pregnant women?
constipation, abnormal cravings, frequent urination, varicose veins, edema, backache, discomfort in hands and feet, leg cramps and breast soreness
What is epidural anesthesia?
anesthetic injected into the spine to relieve pressure
What are alternatives to epidural?
chiropractic, acupunture, yoga, naturopathy, hypnosis
What is the first stage of labor?
pre-labor, active labor, transition
What occurs during the first stage of labor?
contractions (minutes apart), water break, mucus blood
What occurs during the 2nd stage of labor?
What is the 3rd stage of labor?
birth of baby to delivery of placenta
What are benefits of breastfeeding?
Passive immunity, lots of nutrients and vitamins and minerals, it's like golden milk, passes antibodies, rich in calcium, always right temp, free
What are benefits of bottle feeding?
No saggy boobs, diseases can't be transmitted, back to work sooner, bonding with partners, alcohol is transmitted through breast milk
what is the Rh factor? How can the Rh factor complicate pregnancy?
When present in fetus and not in its mother may trigger an immune response by the mother resulting in fetal loss
What is rubella?
German measles that can cause developmental defects in fetuses whose mothers contract the disease during pregnancy
What is placenta previa
The placenta partially or completely covers the cervical os
What is Braxton Hicks contractions?
false labor (contractions)
What is episiotomy?
an incision made in the perineum (skin just behind the vagina)
What is lochia?
Bloody discharge from the vagina immediately after birth
What is prolactin?
a protein hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland, that promotes breast development
What is colostrum?
A milk-like substance secreted right after delivery high in vitamins and minerals
What is the role of a midwife?
helps deliver the baby not in a hospital and usually cost around 20,000 dollars
What are alternative birth options?
birth at home, whirlpool, birthing center, midwife
How many births over seas are responsible from midwives?
70 to 80% compared to Americans 8%
How much does it cost to have a baby in the hospital?
around 50,000 dollars
Are birth defects being treated upstream or downstream and why?
Downstream because they try to make changes after they find out but not before the births
What are the peak hours of c-section and why?
4pm and 10am because doctors don't want to stay late at work
What is the percent of c-sections in the US?
When should parental care start?
When you become sexually active
What is sexual orientation?
who you are attracted to
What makes up sexual orientation?
OBI, orientation, behavior, and identity
What is sexual behavior?
who we're sexual with
What is sexual identity?
What we call ourselves
Essay Question: Is homosexuality a disability?
True or False: it takes a group of people to facilitate change
True or false: developing sexual identity in our culture is a SINGLE step process
What is Kinsey's continuum of sexual orientation?
based upon mixes of homosexual and heterosexual behavior
What are some psychosocial theories of origins of sexual orientation?
by default, seduction myth, Freud's theory, and by choice
What is Freud's theory?
mothers attached with sons and fathers attached with daughters make their child more likely to be homosexual
What are some biological theories of origins of sexual orientation?
Adult brain differences, adult hormone levels, genetic factors, and gender nonconformity
How did you decide you were heterosexual?
you know, you can't decide
What does research suggest when sexual orientation is likely determined?
the belief that heterosexuality is and should be the norm
discrimination of someone because they are not heterosexual
Discriminatory behavior directed towards homosexuality
fear of and prejudice against homosexuality
What are some causes of homophobia and hate crimes?
lack of acceptance and valuing, gender role stereotypes, denial of homosexual feelings
what started the gay rights movement?
Essay Question: Why is homonegativity bad for heterosexuals?
Mean to everyone, people are afraid to be who they want to be
What does GLBTQ stand for?
Gay, lesbian, bisexual, trans, questioning
Impact of harassment on GLBTQ students
3x or more likely to miss school or consider suicide, 2x or more likely to report depression, and more likely to have low grades or turn to substances
What does the Pink triangle stand for?
People during the LGBTQ pride parade people wore this to reclaim the symbol after it was used by the Nazi's to characterize homosexuals during concentration camps and WW2
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