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History Exam Review
Terms in this set (70)
Europeans organized into business associations called ____.
The first Americans crossed over during the Ice Age a land bridge called _________.
________ was the "Father of History"
The ____ _____ became the single most devastating natural disaster in European history.
The first universities valued a _____ degree above all others.
Using the _____ _______ European farmers could increase production by allowing the soil to regain its nutrients.
The ______ Monks, lived amongst the poor with no worldly possessions.
The Catholic church experienced a "Great Schism" when a second Pope was placed ______.
The _____ were a Mesoamerican Tribe that used the position of the starts to create an accurate calendar.
Dominican Monks helped to protect the Catholic Church from, ____, or actions against the church and church doctrine.
Due to trading with the Middle East, Europeans began to move towards a/n ______ Economy.
The name for a sum of money that a wife's family pays to the husband upon agreement to marry their daughter is called an ______.
Protestant Reformers rejected to the Catholic Church selling _____ which could be used to reduce a person's time in Purgatory.
During the Renaissance ______ became prevalent in which scholars studied the classics in order to better the individual.
This Master of Renaissance, _______ painted the Sistine Chapel.
_______ are a group of soldiers who do not fight for country, but for the highest bidder.Part of the army that sacked Rome.
This Swiss Protestant Reformer ______ was brutally killed by the armies of the Catholic Church.
The idea that all men are pre-judged as either sinners or saved by an all-knowing God is known as _________.
Dante's The Divine Comedy is an Italian work that was written in an Italian, this is an example of ________.
Unlike the Catholic Church, Martin Luther's Doctrine of Justification states that people are saved by _____ alone.
The Holy Roman Emperor called Martin Luther to recant his beliefs at the Diet of _______.
Martin Luther detailed his problems with the Catholic Church in his most famous work known as the ________ ________.
Political philosopher who believed that all men were created with Natural Rights was ____ _____.
Louis XIV believed that his right to rule came from God, this is known as ______ ______ ___ _____.
Divine Right of Kings
After winning the English Civil War, ______ ______ set up a military dictatorship in England for 20 years.
William and Mary invaded England to start the _________ _______.
After Oliver Cromwell's death, the throne in a process known as the _______.
The greatest English author during the Elizabeth Era was _______ ________.
During the 16th Century, many female Europeans were convicted of practicing _______, or magic.
French Protestants were known as ________.
________ Monarchs rule with all of the power in the country.
In the Islamic faith, people worship inside a/an _______.
The most successful Safavid Ruler was _____.
Empires that are created out of military conquest are called ______ _______.
The Ottomans used an elite guard consisting of converted Christians called _________.
The Soldiers of the Ottoman Empire fired ____ ___ _____ from the backs of horses.
Bow and Arrows
The Mogul Emperors were able to keep control of their vast mixed empire, by being religiously _______.
______ are people who constantly travel instead of settling in one place.
Using the _____ ______, European farmers could increase production by allowing the soil to regain its nutrients.
During the Middle Ages _____ were crafts people with specific skills.
____ were destroyed by an epidemic brought by 180 Spanish Conquistadors.
Louis XIV believed that his right to rule came from God, this is known as _______ ____ _____ ______
Divine Right of Kings
Calvinism and Catholicism became increasingly _____, during this period in order to earn converts to their religion.
The _____ Act allowed Puritans, but not Catholics, to worship publicly.
______ laid the egg that Luther hatched
During the Renaissance _______ became prevalent in which scholars studied the classics in order to better the individual.
Renaissance thinkers had more worldly, or _____ viewpoint instead of focusing on issues of spirituality.
Raphael became famous for painting visions of the Virgin Mary or the _____.
____ ____ wrote the Wealth of Nations, and thought Laissez Faire was Economic System.
_____ was a religious philosophy based on the idea that God is a great watch maker.
One of the most important discoveries of the Scientific Revolution, _____ _____ was a process of collecting and analyzing data.
_______, stated that the Earth was at the center of the Universe.
Johan Kepler discovered that the planets moved in a/an ____ shape.
The Diplomatic Revolution of 1756 came as a result of Austria stealing Prussia's traditional ally _____.
_____ was one of the greatest composers to ever live, he created great Operas like Don Giovanni and The Magic Flute.
______ was an artistic style of the Enlightenment period was a blending of classical French and Italian Baroque style.
According to Rousseau, people entered into a ____ _____ with their government in which each party had a responsibility to the other
In the Americas, the 7 years war was known as the ____ ___ ____.
French and Indian
The first ________ was printed in in 1702, it helped to cheaply spread the ideas of Enlightenment.
French name for philosopher, these ____ were the main thinkers of the Enlightenment.
The Scientific Revolution focused on making personal discoveries based off of reason, and proof RATHER than accepting things by _____.
Elizabeth I, tried to keep Spain or France from becoming dominant by practicing _____ __ _____ politics.
Balance of Power
The Peace of Augsburg led to the ____ _____ ____, no longer being a country
Holy Roman Empire
Italian Renaissance artists created ____, which were painting on wet plaster that used water based paints.
Renaissance was the rebirth of ____ __ ____ cultures.
Greek and Roman
According to the Prince, it is better to be ____, than loved.
During the Middle Ages, a large portion of the population of Europe was killed by _____ _____.
The English Civil Wars was between the Cavaliers, who supported the King, and Puritan Parliament members known as _____ heads.
____ ____ _____ was a Russian Czar who stabbed his own son to death during a heated argument.
Ivan the Terrible
______ ______ who was one of England's greatest Monarchs, she helped to expand England's influence on the European continent.
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