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29 terms

Medical Terminology Unit 1 Glossary

Very easy terms are not included
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acrodermatitis
inflammation of the skin extremities
acromegaly
enlarged extremities
acroparalysis
paralysis of the extremities
anemia
lack of blood
appendix
glandular structure below the cecum
bacillus/bacilli
rod-shaped bacteria
brainstem
brain structure that includes: midbrain, pons, medulla oblongata
carcinoma
cancerous tumor
carpus/carpal/carpi
wrist bones
chickenpox
viral infection with Varicella zoster
condyle/condylar
rounded bony process
contraction
condition of shortening of a body part, tension, muscle function
cyanosis
condition of blueness
cytometer
instrument that measures (counts) cells
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin
dermatology
the study of the skin
gastrectomy
excision of the stomach
gastritis
inflammation of the stomach
gastroduodenoscopy
examination by looking into the stomach and duodenum with a scope
gastroduodenostomy
make a new surgical opening between the stomach and duodenum
hydrocele
herniation or sac containing water (fluid)
hyperthyroidism
overactive thyroid condition
ilium/iliac
upper pelvic bone
larynx
voice box
lymphadenopathy
disease of lymph gland
neurospasm
nerve spasm (twitching)
radiographer
one who makes x-ray images
spermatozoon
sperm
vertebra
spinal bones