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Chapter 1 - Understanding Our Environment
Terms in this set (9)
Describe the four stages in conservation history.
1. Pragmatic resource conservation (utilitarian conservation)
2. Moral and aesthetic nature preservation (biocentric preservation)
3. A growing concern about health and ecological damage caused by population (environmentalism)
4. Global environmental citizenship (global environmentalism)
geologist, author, and first president of the Sierra Club, & opposed Pinchot's influence and policies. He argued that nature deserves to exist for its own sake, regardless of its usefulness to us. He established Yosemite and Kings Canyon National Parks. (Biocentric preservations)
President Theodore Roosevelt
leader of the populist, progressive movement, moved the Forest Service out of the corruption-filled Interior Department into the Department of Agriculture. Established the framework of our national forest, park, and wildlife refuge systems, passed game protection laws, and tried to stop some of the most flagrant abuses of the public domain with Pinchot. (Pragmatic resource conservation <utilitarian conservation>)
the first native-born professional forester in North America, became the founding head of the new agency (Department of Agriculture), he put resource management on an honest, rational, and scientific basis for the first time in history. Established the framework of our national forest, park, and wildlife refuge systems, passed game protection laws, and tried to stop some of the most flagrant abuses of the public domain with Roosevelt. (Pragmatic resource conservation <utilitarian conservation>)
founder of the Wilderness Society. He started off buying a small, worn-out farm in central Wisconsin and planted thousands of trees in a practical experiment in restoring the health and beauty of the land. (Biocentric preservation)
she awakened the public with the book Silent Spring that talked about the threats of pollution and toxic chemicals to humans as well as other species. (Environmentalism)
How is poverty and environmentalism linked?
- They are considered linked because, "the world's poorest people are both the victims and agents of environmental degradation. The poorest people are often forced to meet short term survival needs at the cost of long-term sustainability".
- With no way do dispose wastes, they often foul their environment and contaminate the air they breathe and the water they drink and wash with.
- They move into forests, erosion-prone hillsides, and crowded slums.
What is the relationship between wealth and environmentalism?
The richer the country the better conditions for living the inhabitants have. Wealthier countries have better water, sanitation, infant mortality, ect. The average individual in the highest-income countries has an annual income nearly 100 times that of those in the lowest-income nations.
Define sustainable development
A real increase in well-being and standard of life for the average person that can be maintained over the long-term without degrading the environment or compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
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