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ENGLISH - 8 & 9: FORMULATING ASSERTIONS
Terms in this set (12)
> is a declaration that's made emphatically, especially as part of an argument of
as if it's to be understood as a statement of fact.
> declarative sentences that claim something is true about something else.
To learn more about this lesson, study the information sheet below
DEFINITION OF ASSERTION
when someone makes a statement investing his strong belief in it, as if it is true, though it may not be, he is making an assertion. Assertion is a stylistic approach or technique involving a strong declaration, a forceful or confident and positive statement regarding a belief or a fact. Often, it is without proof or any support. Its purpose is to express ideas or feelings directly, for instance, "I have put my every effort to complete this task today"
TYPES OF ASSERTION
A. Basic Assertion
B. Emphatic Assertion
C. Escalating Assertion
D. Language Assertion
Its a simple and straightforward statement for expressing feeling, opinions, and beliefs such as:
"I wish I could have expressed this idea earlier, because now someone else has taken the credit."
"Excuse me, first I want to finish my work, then I shall go with you."
It conveys "sympathy" to someone, and usually has two parts: the first encompasses recognition of the feelings or situations of the other person, and the second is a statement that shows support for the other person's viewpoint, feelings, or right such as:
"I understand you are busy, and me too, but it is difficult for me to finish this project on my own. So, I want you to help me complete this project."
"I know this is making you angry and frustrated because you have not gotten a response yet. But I can help you by giving you an estimate of how long it might take."
It occurs when someone is not able to give a response to a person's basic assertion's, and therefore that person becomes firm about him or her such as:
"If you do not finish this work by 6:00 tonight, I will engage the services of another worker."
"I really want to finish this point before you start yours."
It involves the first person "pronoun" "I", and is useful for expressing negative feelings . Nevertheless, it constructively lays emphasis on a person's feelings or anger such as:
"When you speak harshly, I cannot work with you because I feel annoyed. Therefore, I want you to speak nicely and the assign me a task."
"When I don't get enough sleep, it affects my nerves and I feel irritated. Therefore, I try to go to bed earlier."
EXMPLES OF ASSERTION IN LITERATURE
EXAMPLE #1: ANIMAL FARM BY GEORGE ORWELL
In Animal Farm, pigs make use of assertion as a tool for making propaganda in the
entire novel. This is to weaken the position of other animals, preventing contradiction with their
Tules and leadership. In chapter seven, Squealer informs other animals that they need not sing the
original anthem of the Old Major, Beasts of England - a song they used to inspire the revolution
in the chapter one. Squealer asserts, saying:
"It's no longer needed, comrade .. In Beasts of England we expressed our longing for a belter
society in days to come. However, that soctety has new been established. Clearly this song has no
longer any purpose.
Look at his language where he gives them information that is obvious, which they have
realized already, and no one can make arguments against it. Thus, no one argued against his
EXAMPLE #2: PRIDE AND PREJUDICE BY JANE AUSTEN
Elizabeth conceals her surprise at the news of Darcy's plan to marry her. When Lady
Catherine objects to this marriage, as Bennets have low connections and their marriage would ruin
Darcy's position before his friends and society, Elizabeth attempts to defend her family
background by asserting:
"I am a gentleman's daughter."
In fact, she sets herself free from the exasperating control of snobs like Miss Bingley, Mr.
Collins, and Lady Catherine, and declares:
"I am ... resolved."
Then further says with assertion:
to act in that manner, which will, in my own opinion, constitute my happiness, without
reference to you, or to any person so wholly unconnected with me."
EXAMPLE #3: CHERRY ORCHARD BY ANTON CHEKOV
Trofimov and Lopakhin exchange barbed words, and Lopakhin calls Trofimov an "eternal
student." When Lopakhin asks Trofimov's views about him, Trofimov replies that he considers
Lopakhin as "a soon-to-be-millionaire," and "a beast of prey." Then, Gayev points towards the
conversation about pride the two men had earlier.
Trofimov asserts with reasoning about the folly of their pride, as man is a "pretty poor
physiological specimen," they are in misery, and "the only thing to do is work." Although, he was
pessimistic about the current situation of humans, however, he starts feeling optimistic for their
future. He expresses this idea with assertion and rebukes Russian intellectuals, as they do not even
know the meaning of work.
EXAMPLE #4: OTHELLO BY WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE
"I never did
Offend you in my life, never loved Cassio
But with such general warranty of heaven
As I might love. I never gave him token."
In these lines, Desdemona makes a dying assertion that she is innocent, denying Othello's
accusations. However, blinded by emotion and furious, Othello is resolved to kill her.
FUNCTION OF ASSERTION
The function of assertion is to let readers to feel that they should not disagree or dispute
what they read or hear, rather, they should accept the idea or notion as an indisputable fact. It has
proved to be one of the best approaches for writers to express their personal feelings, beliefs, and
ideas in a direct way. By using this technique, writers can defend others' feelings and rights if
violated. This rhetorical style also expresses self-affirmation and rational thinking of personal
respect or worth. It is very common in various fields of life, like literature, politics, advertisements,
and legal affairs.
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