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75 terms

Test 1 (Ch 1-3)

STUDY
PLAY
The volume of a regular cylinder is V =πr²h. Using the value 3.1416 for the constant π, the volume (cm³) of a cylinder of radius 2.34 cm and height 19.91 cm expressed to the correct number of significant figures is __________.
342
Which of the following is (are) the lowest temperature?
30°F
Which states of matter are significantly compressible?
gases only
Iron has a density of 7.9 g/cm³. What is the mass of a cube of iron with the length of one side equal to 55.0 mm?
1.3 x 10³ g
How many significant figures should be retained in the result of the following calculation?

12.00000 x 0.9893 + 13.00335 x 0.0107
4
Which one of the following is often easily separated into its components by simple techniques such as filtering or decanting?
heterogeneous mixture
__________is the chemical symbol for elemental sodium.
Na
In which one of the following numbers are none of the zeros significant?
0.00001
Which calculation clearly shows a conversion between temperatures in degrees Celsius, t(°C), and temperature in Kelvins, T(K)?
T(K) = t(°C) + 273.15
The law of constant composition applies to __________.
compounds
How many significant figures are in the measurement 5.34g?
3
The length of the side of a cube (in cm) having a volume of 44.4 L is __________.
35.4
An object will sink in a liquid if the density of the object is greater than that of the liquid. The mass of a sphere is 9.83 g. If the volume of this sphere is less than __________ cm³, then the sphere will sink in liquid mercury (density = 13.6 g/cm³).
0.723
The density of lead is 11.4 g/cm³. The mass of a lead ball with a radius of 0.50 mm is __________ g. (π = 3.1416; Vsphere = 4πr³/3)
6.0 x 10⁻³
The symbol for the element magnesium is __________.
Mg
The initial or tentative explanation of an observation is called a(n) __________.
hypothesis
The estimated costs for remodelling the interior of an apartment are: three 1-gallon cans of paint at $13.22 each , two paint brushes at $9.53 each , and $135 for a helper. The total estimated cost with the appropriate significant figures is $__________.
194
The symbol for the element phosphorus is __________.
P
There should be __________ significant figures in the answer to the following computation.
(10.07 + 7.395) / 2.5
2
Si is the symbol for the element __________.
Silicon
One edge of a cube is measured and found to be 13 cm. The volume of the cube in m³ is __________.
2.2 x 10⁻³
Which one of the following is true about the liter?
It is equivalent to a cubic decimeter.
If matter is uniform throughout and cannot be separated into other substances by physical processes, but can be decomposed into other substances by chemical processes, it is called a (an)
__________.
compound
For which of the following can the composition vary?
both homogeneous and heterogeneous mixtures
The quantity __________ m is the same as 3 km.
3000
Predict the empirical formula of the ionic compound that forms from magnesium and fluorine.
MgF₂
The formula for the compound formed between aluminum ions and phosphate ions is _________.
AlPO₄
Which pair of elements would you expect to exhibit the greatest similarity in their physical and chemical properties?
Ca, Sr
The element __________ is the most similar to strontium in chemical and physical properties.
Ba
The mass number of an atom of 118Xe is __________.
118
What group in the periodic table would the fictitious element X (7 dots) be found?
VIIA
Which formula/name pair is incorrect?
Fe₂(SO₄)₃
iron(III) sulfide
Oxygen forms an ion with a charge of __________.
2-
Of the following, only __________ is not a metalloid.
Al
Aluminum reacts with a certain nonmetallic element to form a compound with the general formula AlX. Element X is a diatomic gas at room temperature. Element X must be __________.
nitrogen
What is the molecular formula for n-hexanol?
C₆H₁₃OH
Which metal does not form cations of differing charges?
Na
__________are found uncombined, as monatomic species in nature.
Noble gases
Which species below is the nitride ion?
N³⁻
An atom of 15N contains __________ neutrons.
8
The correct name for MgF₂ is __________.
magnesium fluoride
Aluminum reacts with a certain nonmetallic element to form a compound with the general formula Al₂X₃. Element X must be from Group __________ of the Periodic Table of Elements.
6A
The nucleus of an atom contains __________.
protons and neutrons
Predict the empirical formula of the ionic compound that forms from sodium and fluorine.
NaF
There are __________ electrons, __________ protons, and __________ neutrons in an atom of ¹³²Xe₅₄
54, 54, 78
Different isotopes of a particular element contain the same number of __________.
protons
The average atomic weight of copper, which has two naturally occurring isotopes, is 63.5. One of the isotopes has an atomic weight of 62.9 amu and constitutes 69.1% of the copper isotopes. The other isotope has an abundance of 30.9%. The atomic weight (amu) of the second isotope is __________ amu.
64.8
Of the three types of radioactivity characterized by Rutherford, which is/are electrically charged?
A-rays and B-rays
In the periodic table, the elements are arranged in __________.
order of increasing atomic number
Which element in the halogen family is the most electronegative?
fluorine
The mass % of H in methane (CH₄) is __________.
25.13
Pentacarbonyliron (Fe(CO)₅) reacts with phosphorous trifluoride (PF₃) and hydrogen, releasing carbon monoxide:

Fe(CO)₅ + PF₃ + H₂ → Fe(CO)₂(PF₃)₂(H)₂ + CO (not balanced)

The reaction of 5.0 mol of Fe(CO)₅, 8.0 mol of PF₃ and 6.0 mol of H₂ will release __________ mol of CO.
12
When the following equation is balanced, the coefficient of H₂ is __________.

CO (g) + H₂ (g) → H₂O (g) + CH₄ (g)
3
The mass % of C in methane (CH₄) is __________.
74.87
Sulfur and oxygen react to produce sulfur trioxide. In a particular experiment, 7.9 grams of SO₃ are produced by the reaction of 5.0 grams of O₂ with 6.0 grams of S. What is the % yield of SO₃
in this experiment?

S (s) + O₂ (g) → SO3 (g) (not balanced)
95
What is the maximum amount in grams of SO₃ that can be produced by the reaction of 1.0 g of S with 1.0 g of O₂ via the equation below?

S (s) + O₂ (g) → SO₃ (g) (not balanced)
1.7
Calculate the percentage by mass of hydrogen in PtCl₂(NH₃)₂.
2.016
When the following equation is balanced, the coefficient of nitric acid is __________.

N₂O₅ (g) + H₂O (l) → HNO₃ (aq)
2
The formula weight of potassium dichromate (K₂Cr₂O₇) is __________ amu.
294.18
How many grams of oxygen are in 65 g of C₂H₂O₂?
36
When the following equation is balanced, the coefficient of HCl is __________.

CaCO₃ (s) + HCl (aq) → CaCl₂ (aq) + CO₂ (g) + H₂O (l)
2
How many oxygen atoms are contained in 2.74 g of Al₂(SO₄)₃?
5.79 x 10²²
When the following equation is balanced, the coefficient of C₃H₈O₃ is __________.

C₃H₈O₃ (g) + O₂ (g) → CO₂ (g) + H₂O (g)
2
A nitrogen oxide is 63.65% by mass nitrogen. The molecular formula could be __________.
N₂O
Lithium and nitrogen react in a combination reaction to produce lithium nitride:

6Li (s) + N₂ (g) → 2Li₃N (s)

In a particular experiment, 3.50-g samples of each reagent are reacted. The theoretical yield of lithium nitride is __________ g.
5.85
How many moles of carbon dioxide are there in 52.06 g of carbon dioxide?
1.183
Which one of the following substances is the product of this combination reaction?
Al (s) + I₂ (s) → __________
AlI3
How many molecules of CH₄ are in 48.2 g of this compound?
1.81 x 10²⁴
Which hydrocarbon pair below have identical mass percentage of C?
C₂H₄ and C₃H₆
Calculate the percentage by mass of nitrogen in Pb(NO₃)₂.
8.5
Lithium and nitrogen react in a combination reaction to produce lithium nitride:

6Li (s) + N₂ (g) → 2Li₃N (s)

How many moles of lithium are needed to produce 0.60 mol of Li₃N when the reaction is carried out in the presence of excess nitrogen?
1.8
The formula weight of lead nitrate (Pb(NO₃)₂) is __________ amu.
331.2
Lead (II) carbonate decomposes to give lead (II) oxide and carbon dioxide:

PbCO₃ (s) → PbO (s) + CO₂ (g)

How many grams of lead (II) oxide will be produced by the decomposition of 2.50 g of lead (II) carbonate?
2.09
When the following equation is balanced, the coefficient of sulfur dioxide is __________.

PbS (s) + O₂ (g) → PbO (s) + SO₂ (g)
2
Calculate the percentage by mass of nitrogen in PtCl₂(NH₃)₂.
9.34