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Arrhenius: substance that increase H+ concentration when added to water
(Bronsted: a substance that donates a H+)
(Lewis Acid: a species that can donate a pair of electrons)
atom that has lost or gained one or more electrons, giving it a positive or negative charge
chemical symbols and numerical subscripts used to denote the composition of the substance
the chemical formula that conveys with the smallest possible whole numbers the ratio of combination of elements in a compound
the part of a molecule characterized by a special arrangement of atoms that is largely responsible for the chemical behavior of the parent molecule
atom or molecule that has lost or gained one or more electrons giving it a positive or negative charge
law of conservation of mass
an alternative statement of the first law of thermodynamics stating that matter can be neither created nor destroyed
law of definite proportions
different samples or a given compound always contain the same elements in the same mass ratio
law of multiple proportions
different compounds made up of the of the same elements differ in the number of atoms each kind that combine
element with a tendency to lose electrons, located left of the zigzag line on the periodic table
a combination of two or more atoms in a specific arrangement held together by chemical bonds
an electrically neutral subatomic particle with a mass slightly greater than that of a proton
element with a tendency to gain electrons, located in the upper right porition of the periodic table
compounds containing carbon and hydrogen, sometimes in combination with other elements such as oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, and the halogens
a chart in which elements having similar chemical and physical properties are grouped together
molecule that has lost or gained one or more electrons giving it a positive or negative charge
a chemical formula that shows the general arrangement of atoms within the molecule
an element that has-or readily forms one or more ions that have-an incompletely filled d subshell
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