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30 terms

Medical Office Chapter 2

STUDY
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Ethics
are the standards of conduct that grow out of one's understanding of right and wrong.
Bioethics
deals with the ethical issues involved with medical treatments, procedures, and technology.
Etiquette
involves following medical manners and customs, such as using proper form of address for the physician, greeting cheerfully all visitors to the office, and using good telephone techniques.
Advance directives
are legal documents prepared in advance by the patient, stating the patient's wishes for receiving or not receiving certain medical care, should the patient be unable to make decisions at that time. Advance directives give the medical team specific directions as to the type of care to render.
HIPAA
HEALTH INSURANCE PORTABILITY ACCOUNTABILITY ACT
HIPAA defines three categories of covered entities
-healthcare providers: individuals or entities that render services
-Healthcare plans: entities that provide payment for healthcare services
-clearinghouses: entities that electronically process health claim information from providers and transmit data to plans
assault
clear threat of injury to another
battery
any bodily contact without permission
Release of information
a written permission called also 'release' to have access to medical records for insurance ,medical facilities or other physicians.
Subpeona
legal document in which the court oders that all documetns relevant to the case be delivered to the court.
Liability
legal responsibility for actions and their consequences.
Summons
written notice is sent to the person being sued (the defendant) ordering the defendant to answer the charges made.
Compliance
The act of adhering to legal rules and regualtions as well as high ethical standards through practices and procedures within the medical practice , in all aspects of medical care.
Licensure
the license to practice medicine granted by a board established in each state.
Implied consent
The patient's agreement that is not stated outright but is shown by the patient's having gone to the doctor's office for treatment which applies to routine treatment only.
Express consent
The patient's approval, which may be given either orally or in writing; required for procedures that are not part of routine care.
Informed consent
The ability of the patient to make a sound decision to agree because the problem has been explained in clear language and the physician has given both treatment options and a prognosis.
litigation
the bringing of a lawsuit against an individual or other entity
abandonment
The physician's failure to furnish care for a particular illness for as long as it is required unless the patient has been discharged in an appropriate manner.
compliance
The act of adhering to legal rules and regulations as well as high ethical standards through practices and procedures within the medical practice, in all aspects of medical instances.
deposition
a sworn statement to the court before any trial begins, usually made outside of court.
contributory negligence
A patient's refusal to have tests, x-rays, or vaccinations or a patient's failure to follow the physician's instructions.
registration
permit issued by the registration branch of the Drug Enforcement Administration to prescribe or dispense drugs.
settlement
the plaintiff and the physician's insurance company reach an agreement and the case does not go to court.
arbitration
a fair process to both sides so it doesn't reach court.
Good Samaritan Act
to protect the physician from liability for civil damages that may arise as a result of providing emergency care.
statute of limitations
the law that sets time for initiating litigation, time limits varies from state to state.
fraud
depriving others of their rights by dishonest means.
Medical Practice Acts
the law of each state governing who must be licensed to give care, the rules for obtaining licensure, the grounds for revoking licenses, and the reports required by state law.
malpractice
an act that a reasonable and prudent physician would not do, or the failure to do some act that such a physician would do.
durable power of attorney
DPA gives someone else, of the patient's choosing, the right to make decisions for the patient.