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Arts and Humanities
Sewing Terminology - Tech Theatre - THEA-1610
Terms in this set (15)
any change made to a pattern or garment that is being contracted or a change to a finished garment.
Sewing in reverse and forward over the same stitches to lock the end of a line of sewing. prevents the stitching from coming unsown.
When you are sewing, refers to temporarily joint fabric together. Instructions that request you to_______, want you to temporarily sew with long removable stitches.————— is the action of sewing a temporary stitch. It is achieved by making large removable stitches by hand or machine. The more you need tp hold something together, the smaller your_______\__ stitches will be but they are always seen with removal in mind. Machine is also used to ease in and gather fabric.__________ holds something in place to test the fit or the look of alteration help control fabric for final stitching. It is also used to temporarily close a seam as in inserting a zipper.
Basis Grain of Fabric
The thread line that is at a 45 degree angle to length easier and crosswise grain of the fabric as it is on the bolt. The_______ has stretch in woven fabric and will hang differently than a garment that has been cut on the straight or crosswise grain. Always hang a______ garment for at least 24 hours before hemming it.
The draw of the fibers or fabric closer together than they were woven or originally manufactured. This is usually achieved with machine basting. When________ in fabric, no tucks or gathers are made in the fabric. The amount of_______ built in to a pattern refers to the amount of space available form the body measurements to the actual garment.
Many patterns pieces are placed on the______ of a piece of fabric. This is the actual______ of the fabric off the bolt or a_______ of your own creation; the goal is to have a pattern piece that is cut out without a center seam.
Fuse or fusible
refers to using a material, which melts to "glue" town layers together. This melting action is done with an iron. In order for the
________ to work, the fabrics must be pre-washed or preshrunk to remove manufactures finishes. These finishes will prevent a good ______ from occurring.
Allows for making long pieces of fabric to fit with a shorter piece of fabric and also is a method of easing a seam to allow insertion of sleeves and other rounded pattern pieces. When making an apron, there is a waistband that is the size of the persons waist, plus some extra for tying the apron around the body. The apron itself usually is gathered, fluffy, almost pleated and has more fabric that flows from the waistband. The apron seam was gathered and then sewn to the waistline. To gather the seam, two parallel lines are sewn on the right side of the fabric, a scant 1/4" apart. Long tails of thread are left for gathering. The bobbin threads are held on either end of the seam and gently tugged, gathering the fabric evenly on the threads. Do not scrimp and only sew one thread of long length stitches; you will need both.
fabric that is turned up on the lower edge of a garment or sleeve to provide a finished edge. Often extra fabric is left in children's clothing to allow for growth (especially for skirts and slacks).
used to finish the inside of a garment, to hide the seam construction, to allow for ease of putting a garment on or taking it off, and to provide decorative effect. A is cut of the same pattern pieces as the garment and often is made of "slippery" fabrics. It provides a minimal amount of warmth and usually extends the life of a garment. should be washable if the garment is washable and should be prewashed.
It is the process of gently lifting the iron as you move to a new pressing area, so that you are not distorting the fabric grain.
The fabric between the edge of the fabric and the line of stitching, about 5/8" for most patterns (craft patterns often allow 1/4" seam allowance).
Selvage, Selvedge, Selvege
Often marked with information from manufacturer (color code, identifying data, etc.), this is the edge of the fabric which generally does not fray due to manufacture's finish. In most cases, this edge should be included when you cut your fabric, as it may cause puckering of your seam later on.
A type of sewing machine that stitches the seam, encases the seam with thread, and cuts off excess fabric at the same time. Some sergers are combination overlook and serger machines. They do not, though, do the locking stith that a regular sewing machine does.
A sometimes decorative, sometimes functional stitch that is usually 1/4" from the edge of a seam. For instance, once a vest is turned or facing to a jacket is turned and pressed, one may stitch 1/4" from the edge on the top of the garment to provide a bit of stabilization. This can be done in same or contrasting thread, depending on the decorative effect one wishes to achieve.
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