Chapter 1 Old Testament
Terms in this set (38)
Name the two original sources for Catholic teaching.
They are Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition. The Bible itself tells us that the Bible alone is NOT the only source of God's word, but that we should also be guided by the words of Jesus passed verbally through out the centuries, first by the Apostles, and then by the fathers of the Church
What is the Bible?
The Bible, also known as Sacred Scripture, is the inspired and inerrant word of God in written form. And the Word of God is living and active.
What is Tradition?
It is the living transmission of the message of the Gospel in the Church. It is God's message handed on by word of mouth and Church teaching.
What does "inerrant" mean?
It means incapable of making a mistake or error.
What does "inspired"mean?
The Sacred Authors were enlightened directly by the action of the Holy Spirit to write what God wanted and nothing more. He "breathed into" these authors. God guided the Sacred Authors to write both the Old Testament and the New Testament, including the Gospels.
What is the divinely chosen interpreter of Scripture?
it is the catholic church.
What does infallbility mean?
When the Church, through her Magisterium, proposes a doctrine for belief as divinely revealed, the Church is incapable of error. It is the Pope and his Bishops that proclaim such infallible doctrines
What is the definition and purpose of Magisterium?
Definition: The teaching authority of the Church, which aided by the Holy Spirit, interprets Scripture and Tradition. Purpose: It keeps the Church free from errors. It is exercised by the pope and the bishops in union with him
Who is the author of the Bible?
God is the author; the Sacred Authors are also true authors.
How did the authors of the Bible differ from many people today in their view of religion?
Religion held everything together. Their view of history, culture, politics and everything else was religious.
What is the Literal sense?
The literal sense is that one intended by the Sacred Author. The authors frequently used symbolic visions, also called metaphors. Many parts of the Scripture are difficult to understand.
List and define the three spiritual senses of the Bible.
The allegorical (typical) sense uses people and events to point forward future people or events. The moral (tropological) sense shows how people can view the actions of scriptural figures to guide them The anagogical (Greek for Leading) sense shows how events in scripture point to what will be known in Heaven.
Why do we say the Bible is "objective history"?
God writes without bias because he sees everything as it is.
What is "salvation history"?
The story of God's plan to save all people, us, from the consequences of sin, disclosed across the centuries.
How does salvation history differ from all other history?
It deals with both the past and the future.
What is a "covenant"?
A covenant is a bond of sacred kinship (family association), an agreement that establishes a sacred family bond between persons.
How many covenants had God made with his people?
He has made seven
In what covenant period are we living?
We live in the sixth covenant.
What does the word "canon" mean?
The "canon of Scripture" describes the books that officially make up the Bible. Canon means a rule or measure.
What are "Deuterocanonical"books?
These are those books in the Old Testament that are as holy and inspired by God as the canonical books. The Jews and Protestant do not accept these books .
What does Jesus' genealogy indicate?
He is the new Adam
What are the four main types of books in the Old Testament?
The Old Testament is the forty-six books of Scripture written by Israelites before the coming of Jesus Christ. Its four main types of books are Law, history, wisdom and prophecy are the four types.
What are other names for the books of Law?
Other names include Pentateuch (in Greek), Torah (in Hebrew), and the five books of Moses.
What does the word "Pentateuch" mean?
Pentateuch, From the Greek for "five," means five cases. Refers to the first five books of the Old Testament.
Who came to fulfill the Old Testament?
In the Old Testament, the prophet Isaiah has some of the clearest prophecies of the coming of Christ. Christ came to fulfill (complete or accomplish totally) the Old Testament
Where is the Old Testament perfected?
It is perfected in the New Testament. The Old Testament prepared the people for the Good News of God.
Which books are known as the books of the Law?
The books of the Law are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy.
What do the Historical books describe?
The books of the Bible tell many stories. They tell the history of the Jews from the conquest through the restoration.
Which three books of the Old Testament are named for Women?
The Books of Esther, Ruth and Judith are named after women.
What are the Wisdom books?
They are collections of poems, proverbs, wise sayings and rules for living a happy life in conformity with the truth of God given to us through the prophets.
Which book includes many religious poems attributed to David?
The Psalms include poems.
Why are the books from Hosea and Malachi called "Minor Prophets"?
These books are shorter in length than the books of the Major Prophets. The prophets in the Old Testament spoke the message of God to the people, warned the people of disaster if they did not repent, foretelling future events, and when disaster struck, prophets would bring God's message of hope and consolation .
How did the Old Testament writers date events?
They dated events from the beginning of a king's reign or from a major event.
What are biblical types?
Biblical types are people, places, and events in the Old Testament that have their own proper significance but also prefigure (foreshadow) people, places, and events later in the Old Testament or in the New. For example, the nearsacrifice of Isaac in the Book of Genesis is a type for the death of Jesus.
What does the New Testament accomplish?
It completes and accomplishes all of the Old Testament promises. Both the Old and the New Testaments are needed for Christians to receive the fullness of the Word of God.
Why our Church is called "Catholic"?
Because it is Universal. It is meant for all people in the world.
What does Apostolicity and how it relates to our church?
Apostolicity means "coming from the Apostles", and it refers to the fact that our Church was funded by Jesus through his Apostles, and the Apostles carried forward Jesus' teachings in written and oral form
How is the Bible treated by the Catholic Church?
The Church has always venerated the Scriptures as she venerates Christ's Body.