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Adventitious breath sounds

Abnormal or acquired breath sounds.


The process of listening to sounds produced within the body.

Blanch test

A test during which the client's fingertip is temporarily pinched to assess capillary refill and peripheral circulation.


A blowing or swishing sound created by turbulence of blood flow.


The wax-like substance secreted by glands in the external ear canal.


Elevation of the proximal aspect of the nail and softening of the nail bed.


(1) a dry, crackling sound like that of crumpled cellophane, produced by air in the subcutaneous tissue or by air moving through fluid in the alveoli of the lungs; (2) a crackling, grating sound produced by bone rubbing against bone.


A thudlike sound produced during percussion by dense tissue of body organs such as the liver, spleen, or heart.


An extremely dull sound produced, during percussion, by very dense tissue, such as muscle or bone.


A device used to measure the angle of a joint in degrees.


An abnormal booming sound produced during percussion of the lungs.


The visual examination, that is, assessment by using the sense of sight.


The loudness or softness of a sound, amplitude.


A yellowish color of the sclera, mucous membranes, and/or skin.


An abnormal anterior movement of the chest related to enlargement of the right ventricle.


Normal head size.


An instrument used to examine the ears.


The examination of the body using the sense of touch.


A method in which the body surface is struck to elicit sounds that can be heard or vibrations that can be felt.


The frequency or number of vibrations heard during auscultation.


In percussion, the middle finger of the nondominant hand placed firmly on the client's skin.


An automatic response of the body to a stimulus.


A low-pitched, hollow sound produced over normal lung tissue when the chest is percussed.


The first heart sound; occurs when the atrioventricular valves (mitral and tricuspid) close.


The second heart sound; occurs when the semilunar valves (aortic and pulmonic) close.


A vibrating sensation over a blood vessel that indicates turbulent blood flow.

Tympanic membrane

The eardrum.


A musical or drumlike sound produced during percussion over an air-filled stomach and abdomen.

Visual acuity

The degree of detail the eye can discern in an image.

Visual fields

The area an individual can see when looking straight ahead.

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