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Chapter 11 Health Psychology
Terms in this set (39)
Unlike anxiety and denial, depression
may be a long-term reaction to chronic health disorders
Which of the following is true of denial?
It is a defense mechanism by which people avoid the implications of a health disorder.
________ refers to the evaluation of whether one feels good or bad about one's personal qualities and attributes.
Which of the following activities is performed by occupational therapists?
planning and directing recreational activities to help patients become more self-sufficient
Alex is suffering from migraine. He avoids it completely by eating and sleeping excessively. Which of the following coping strategies is Alex using here?
Daniel is suffering from diabetes. He constantly wishes that his medical condition would disappear. In the context of coping strategies and chronic health disorders, Daniel is more likely using a ________ strategy.
In the context of gender and the impact of chronic health disorders, identify a true statement about women with chronic health disorders.
Women with chronic health disorders experience more deficits in social support than do men with chronic health disorders.
Which of the following activities is performed by physical therapists?
helping people with muscle, nerve, or bone diseases or injuries overcome their disabilities
Which of the following predicts adherence to chronic disease regimens?
knowledge of the treatment regimen
Up to _________ of all medical inpatients with chronic disease suffer from severe depression.
Depression exacerbates the course of several chronic disorders, most notably
coronary heart disease
Immediately after a chronic health disorder is diagnosed,
patients experience a psychological disequilibrium
Which of the following is true of caregiving?
It threatens the health of elderly caregivers.
James works with patients injured in motorcycle accidents. He helps them learn to use adaptive devices to perform tasks and become accustomed to new ways of performing old tasks. He is a
The website WebMD is
scrupulously careful about the information they post
Which of the following is a goal of physical rehabilitation?
to learn the ways of controlling energy expenditure
Chronic health disorders are
either moderate or severe and life-threatening
Which of the following statements is true about physical therapists?
They administer and interpret tests of muscle strength, motor development, functional capacity, and respiratory and circulatory efficiency.
Adam works with cancer patients at County General Hospital. His particular specialty is in enabling the newly diagnosed cancer patients to understand the health disorder and its treatment and to negotiate the difficult emotional and social identity issues associated with the health disorder. He is a
medical social worker
Analyses of the effectiveness of coping strategies in managing the stress associated with chronic health disorders conclude that
active coping is more consistently associated with good adjustment
Collins et al. (1990) reported that more than ______ percent of the cancer patients in their study reported at least some beneficial changes in their life as a result of the cancer.
Denial serves as a protective function
during the acute phase of the health disorder
The perception and evaluation of one's physical functioning and appearance comprise one's
Which of the following focuses on the effect of a chronic health disorder on a patient's ambitions, goals, and desires for the future?
Family support of a chronically ill patient is especially important because they
promote adherence to treatment
Robert is suffering from cancer. In order to cope with the stress associated with it and to know more about his condition, he regularly speaks about the disorder with his friends and family. In the context of coping strategies and chronic health disorders, Robert is most likely using a ________ strategy.
direct problem solving
Assessment of quality of life
assesses the impact of treatments
Anxiety is ______ when anticipating or experiencing adverse side effects of treatment.
Immediately after a chronic health disorder is diagnosed, a patient can be in a state of crisis marked by physical, social, and psychological disequilibrium. If the patient's usual coping efforts fail to resolve these problems, the result can be
an exaggeration of symptoms and their meaning
Which of the following is a component of quality of life?
The stable set of beliefs about one's qualities and abilities is known as
One of the chief changes brought by chronic health disorder is an
increased dependency of the chronically ill person on other family members.
Eric works with people with diabetes. He helps them learn to control their caloric intake and the types of foods they eat. he is a
Medical measures of quality of life are
weakly related with patients' and relatives' assessments
During physical rehabilitation, patients need a _______ management program for the alleviation of discomfort.
Most caregiving for the chronically ill is provided by
Succeeding through vocational and avocational activities is also an important source of self-esteem and the self-concept. Which self-evaluation aspect of the self-concept explains this?
Which of the following is true about body image?
Negative evaluations last longer in chronically ill patients.
Stress management programs are increasingly incorporated into physical treatment regimens because of the debilitating effects of stress on
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