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wright health final exam review
Terms in this set (44)
balance between physical, mental/emotional, and social health
avoiding harmful behaviors such as tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs and avoiding sexual activity before marriage
influences on health
Heredity, Environment, Peers and Social Environment, Culture, Attitude, Behavior, Media, Technology
actions that can potentially threaten your health or the health of others
Beliefs, customs, and traditions of a specific group of people.
Beliefs of a person or social group in which they have an emotional investment (either for or against something).
All external conditions and factors, living and nonliving (chemicals and energy), that affect an organism or other specified system during its lifetime.
Skills that promote relationships with other people
short and long term goals to base your life on positive decisions
Maslow's hierarchy of needs
level 1: physical
level 2: safety
level 4: feeling recognized
level 5: reaching potential
includes positive self-esteem, sense of belonging, sense of purpose, positive outlook, and autonomy
An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting.
mental processes that protect individuals from strong or stressful emotions and situations. EX: repression, suppression, rationalization, regression, denial, compensation, projection, idealization
the alarm response
the first stage in the stress response. this is when the body and ind go on high alert. this is also called the "fight-or-flight" response because it prepares the body to either defend itself or flee from a threat
ways to manage stress
plan ahead, get enough sleep, engage in regular physical activity(exercise), eat nutritious foods, avoid tobacco, alcohol and other drugs
life events, physical stressors, and daily hassles
sleep disorders, skin disorders, and stomach and digestive problems
fight or flight
also known as the alarm response--its when your body makes the decision to fight through the situation or flee it
the systems that are active during the body's response to stressors
when a person intentionally takes their own life
denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance, hope
Female is unable to reproduce due to: Poor quality eggs, eggs not released from ovary, or blocked fallopian tubes. AS A RESULT OF: Untreated STD's, heredity, or untreated infections.
female reproductive system
Composed of mammary glands, ovary, uterus, and uterine tube and vagin
male reproductive system
composed of testes, vasa deferentia, prostate gland, bulbourethral gland, and peni
Chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocrine glands, that are produced in one tissue and affect another
occurs during the menstrual cycle where a mature egg is released from an ovarian follicle
Cancer of the testicle, usually occurring in men 15 to 35 years of age
a shortening of the uterine muscles occurring at intervals before and during childbirth
nutrients during pregnancy
is very important because whatever the mother puts in her body goes to her baby
Cord used in the exchange of nutrients and oxygenated/deoxygenated blood between the fetus and the placenta.
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called the histones
A serious disease that destroys lung tissue and causes breathing difficulties.
A stimulating and highly addictive psychoactive drug in tobacco
thick, sticky, dark fluid produced when tobacco burns
Colorless, odorless, poisounous gas produced by the combustion of of carbon or organic fuels.
strategies to quit
prepare for the day, get support and encouragement, identify available health related services in the community, replace tobacco with a healthier alternative, change daily behavior, engage in healthful behaviors
Chronic disease of the liver characterized by formation of dense connective tissue in hepatic cells.
A disease in which a person has a physical or psychological dependence on drinks that contain alcohol
short term affects of alcohol
different for everyone--depends on body size/gender, food, and amount and rate of intake.
fetal alcohol syndrome
a condition caused by excessive alcohol consumption by the mother during pregnancy. Various birth defects may present, including central nervous system dysfunction and malformations of the skull and face
the amount of alcohol that can be detected in your system is measured by this
HIV asymptomatic stage
the stage(usually in the beginning) when a person with HIV does not have symtpoms
depends on the virus, but some include heavy discharge, burning upon urination, abdominal pain, blister-like sores/bumps, itchiness, odor, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, etc.
Contact of infected fluid with mucosa, broken skin, or breast milk, or bloodstream
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