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Chapter 10 History
Terms in this set (20)
What happened to the Federalist party after 1800?
The federalist began to decline after the election of Thomas Jefferson. After James Monroe defeated Rufus king (federalist), federalists never ran again.
How was John Adams different from the other 1st 5 presidents?
He was not from VA, so he was not part of the VA's elite slaveholder aristocracy.
What does universal manhood suffrage mean?
All white male adults can vote
How did New York disenfranchise freed black men?
Required that men of color must own property over the value of $250 in order to vote.
Who were the candidates in the election of 1824?
John Quincy Adams, John Calhoun, Henry Clay, William Crawford, and Andrew Jackson
Why did this election have to go to the House of Representatives and what was the outcome?
Election went to the house because even though Jackson had most votes, he did not win majority vote. Clay convinced the House to vote for Adams and it outraged Jackson and his supporters.
What did Jackson and his supporters call the Election of John Quincy Adams to the presidency with Henry Clay appointed as Secretary of State?
A corrupt bargain
What were some components of Clay's American System and why were they criticized?
High tariffs, a national bank, and federally sponsored internal improvements of canals and roads. Criticized because they favored the privileged, took money from the federal government, and not stated in the Constitution.
Why were southerners against the Tariff of 1828?
Felt the government was going to hurt them by abolishing slavery because Congress was majority Northern.
What is the meaning/significance of the "Adams can write/Jackson can fight" slogan?
Highlighted the new ways of Jackson and old fashioned ways of Adams. Captured the contrast between Adams the aristocrat and Jackson the frontiersman.
System of rewarding party loyalists with government jobs. Resulted in instances of corruption, especially a case in NY.
Affair between Peggy O'Neal and John Eaton which resulted in the suicide of Peggy's husband, Timberlake. Divided the Washington society (presidents team and the insider class)
conflict between SC and the US about tariffs and slavery. Led to the Nullification Proclamation and stated that states could no longer void federal laws.
How did Jackson feel about the National Bank and why and what did he do to it?
He understood the distrust and anger people had towards the bank and preferred hard currency. He removed deposits from the National Bank and placed them in state banks.
Opponents of Jackson and championed a federal government. Pinned blame for economic crisis on the democrats.
How did popular culture portray Native Americans?
Bloodthirsty and savages
Who were the 5 Civilized tribes, and what happened to them as a result of the Indian Removal Act?
- Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Seminole, and Cherokee tribes.
- All removed from their homes in the East and relocated to the West.
forced migration involving the US military. Example of power of majority opinion in democracy.
Trail of Tears
a new type of tyranny described by tocqueville. Overpowers the will of minorities and individuals and was, in his view, unleashed by democrats in the US.
Tyranny of the Majority
An election between Whigs and democrat. First modern election, marked the culmination of the democratic revolution that swept the US.
Election of 1840
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