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study guide for the SCTD final exam (3) in art history 2

How is the portrait of Gertrude Stein unusual in regard to typical portraits of women?

has masculine pose, no emphasis on beauty, has "monumental" size/scale, facial distortion, "inner" self versus outer appearence.

Cubism, as an artistic movement, was largely developed by

Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque

Is cubism considered an abstract style?


Blue period

causes of Picasso's blue period

death of younger sister without appropriate funeral, plight of Spanish colonial war veterans, suicide of good friend.

"La Vie" (The Life)

rose period - Picasso

Les Demoiselles d'Avignon

critics' reactions to Les Demoiselles d'Avignon

horror, distaste. Braque: "Like swallowing kerosene and spitting fire"

painter who gave cubism its name

Henri Matisse

developed cubist sculpture

Georges Braque

materials for early cubist sculptures

disposable items: cardboard, string, paper, wire, etc..

Nude Descending a Staircase #2

repetition of shapes in Nude Descending a Staircase #2 used how?

to show motion

meaning of "Dada"

nonsense, silliness. Fr.= hobby/obsession, Gr.=rocking h orse, Rom.= yes, yes.

a "ready made" by Marcel Duchamp

an "assisted ready-made" by Marcel Duchamp

first to use airbrush as a fine art tool

Man Ray

the method of placing objects on light sensitive paper can be called:

Ray-O-Graph or Photogram

spirit and or the causes of the Dada movement

trauma of WWI, group of international artists creating nonsensical, funny works as therapy.

Man Ray "Gift"

Henri Matisse

Matisse's last method for working

collage- painting huge sheets of paper in solid colors, cutting out simple shapes and pinning together to form designs.

Picasso as Harlequin

exquisite corpse

Salvador Dali "Persistence of Memory"

Rene Magritte

Picasso "Guernica"

Gurenica historical event

Spanish civil war - bombing of town of Guernica

symbolism of Guernica bull

Spain, destruction, warfare, strength

Georgia O'Keefe

Charles Demuth

themes of Precisionism

small town USA, city bridges, factories, bill boards, etc

Grant Wood "American Gothic"

Edward Hopper

Diego Rivera

Rivera works destroyed or reviled-why?

He was socialist/communist sympathizer-painted portrait of Vladimir Lenin in mural about achievements of humanity

Jackson Pollock "action painting" or "drip painting"

Richard Hamilton "Pop art"

messages of Hamilton's collage "Just What is it That Makes Today's Homes so Different, so Appealing?"

a new Adam and Eve-ideal young couple (body builder and pin-up girl), hip urban culture, wealth, sky is the limit (moon photo), art = graphics and ads.

Roy Lichtenstein

social statements of "Whaam" by Lichtenstein

War is good fun, good guy wins, great adventure, excitement without moral dilemma/trauma, heros, etc..

Andy Warhol

number of reproductions equal to artistic value? Differences between graphic arts and fine art? Value of mass produced goods? Can/should fine art be marketed like graphic art-is it?

Guerilla Girls

irony of "The Advantages of Being a Woman Artist"

actually a list of disadvantages

Chuck Close Photorealism

Richard Estes

Duane Hanson

Time's effect on Hanson's super-realist sculptures

They become humorous, like parodies

Keith Haring

intent of Keith Haring's work

to create a language of symbols that anyone would be able to read and interpret-flexible meanings

Sally Mann

messages/interpretations of "The New Mothers" by Sally Mann

innocense of childhood-myth? Role model responsibilities to children? Issues of teen mothers? Morality of photographic images like this? Art as challenge to society's "comfort zone" etc..

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