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19 terms

Chapter 1

STUDY
PLAY
Breaching Experiments
experiments that violate the established social order to assess how people construct social reality
Culture
the enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next
Ethnomethodology
the study of the commonsense knowledge that people use to understand the situations in which they find themselves.
Group Processes
the methods, including communication, by which a group accomplishes a task
Macrosociology
analysis of social life that focuses on broad features of society, such as social class and the relationships of groups to one another; usually used by functionalists and conflict theorists
Microsociology
analysis of social life that focuses on social interaction; typically used by symbolic interactionists
Organizations
Collections of people who work together and coordinate their actions to achieve a wide variety of goals, or desired future outcomes.
Psychology
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Roles
a set of assumed or acquired behaviors that have some socially agreed upon function and for which there is an accepted code of norms.
Social Institution
an organized pattern of beliefs and behavior centered on basic social needs
Social Norms
The implicit or explicit rules a group has for the acceptable behaviors, values, and beliefs of its members
Social Psychology
the branch of psychology that studies persons and their relationships with others and with groups and with society as a whole
Social Structure
the framework that surrounds us, consisting of the relationships of people and groups to one another, which gives direction to and sets limits on behavior
Social Structure and Personality
A perspective within sociological social psychology that focuses on the connections between larger societal conditions and the individual
Sociological Imagination
an awareness of the relationship between an individual and the wider society, both today and in the past
Sociology
study of evolution, development, and functioning of human society
Status
a person's condition or position in the eyes of the law; relative rank or standing, especially in society; prestige
Symbolic Interactionism
a theoretical perspective in which society is viewed as composed of symbols that people use to establish meaning, develop their views of the world, and communicate with one another. Micro Level
Values
beliefs of a person or social group in which they have an emotional investment (either for or against something)